Azerbaijan stops broadcasts from separatist Karabakh

Azerbaijan stops broadcasts from separatist Karabakh

Trend news agency
11 Mar 04


Trend correspondent S. Agayeva: The illegal broadcast of an Armenian
TV channel from Susa to other Azerbaijani territories has been
stopped, the minister of communications and information technology,
Ali Abbasov, has said in an interview with Trend news agency.

Since direct talks with Nagornyy Karabakh, which is under Armenian
occupation, were impossible, the ministry used technical means to
prevent the broadcast of the station.

Speaking about the illegal broadcast of other TV stations in
Azerbaijan, Abbasov said that this issue is being resolved within the
appropriate CIS bodies. Recently, the Azerbaijani, Armenian and
Russian communications ministries signed a protocol in Moscow to stop
illegal broadcasts on each others’ territory. Armenia gave assurances
that in accordance with the document it will stop its broadcasts.

Letter of Indignation of Dr. Tessa Hofmann to Jack Straw

ARBEITSGRUPPE ANERKENNUNG – Gegen Genozid, Für Völkerverständigung e.V.


Dr. Tessa Hofmann
Mainauer Str. 9, II
D- 12161 Berlin
Phone: 0049/30/83854208
Fax: 851 79 74
Email: [email protected]

Foreign and Commonwealth Office of the United Kingdom
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
– Jack Straw –

King Charles Street
London SW1A 2AH

March 11, 2004

– Interview with UK Ambassador Mrs Thorda Abbott-Watt


it has been brought to our attention that the UK Ambassador to the
Republic of Armenia, Mrs. Thorda Abbott-Watt has repeatedly denied the
genocide of 1.5 million Armenians in the Ottoman Empire during the years

Mrs Abbott Watt mentioned `mass killings` and `brutality`, but
that half of the victims died during death marches or exile in desert
areas from starvation, exhaustion and epidemics. The UN Convention on
Genocide describes such circumstances as `deliberately inflicting on
group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical
destruction in whole or in part.’ (Art. 2, c)

Mrs Abbott Watt is wrong in publicly doubting that the case of the
Armenian Genocide did not correspond with the definition and categories
of the UN Genocide Convention. She may not know that the author of this
convention, Mr Raphael Lemkin, drafted it on the empirical base of both
the Armenian and the Jewish Genocide as case studies during WW1 and WW2.

Mrs Abbott Watt may also be ignorant of the joint statement of May 27,
1915, in with the governments of Britain, France and Russia warned the
Ottoman government to held its members personally responsible for the
crimes committed on the Armenian citizens of the Ottoman Empire. In this
statement the killings of the Armenian population were categorised,
under the terms of contemporary law, as a crime against humanity and

Mrs Abbott Watt is obviously not qualified as a scholar of genocide
research. Otherwise she would know that the denial of genocide is
considered as an integral part of the crime and its final stage. Sadly,
Mrs Abbott Watt herself contributes to the crime of denial, thus keeping
painfully alive the trauma of the Armenian nation and upsetting all
others others, who are aware of the consequences of genocide denial.

As an international NGO, which is focusing on the recognition of denied
genocide crimes, we urge you to re-consider whether it is advisable
that Mrs Abbott Watt, who is ignorant of basic facts of legal history
and international relations and who makes repeated incompetent and
offensive statements, may continue her diplomatic career in a country,
where half of the population descends from survivors of genocide.


Dr. Tessa Hofmann


[1] The full text reads: `For about a month the Kurd and Turkish
populations of Armenia has been massacring Armenians with the connivance
and often assistance of Ottoman authorities. Such massacres took place
in middle April (new style) at Erzerum, Dertchun, Eguine, Akn, Bitlis,
Mush, Sassun, Zeitun, and throughout Cilicia. Inhabitants of about one
hundred villages near Van were all murdered. In that city Armenian
quarter is besieged by Kurds. At the same time in Constantinople Ottoman
Government ill-treats inoffensive Armenian population. In view of those
new crimes of Turkey against humanity and civilization, the Allied
governments announce publicly to the Sublime-Porte that they will hold
personally responsible [for] these crimes all members of the Ottoman
government and those of their agents who are implicated in such


Turkmenistan – Scepticism, optimism greet surprise prez decree


The right to believe, to worship and witness
The right to change one’s belief or religion
The right to join together and express one’s belief


Friday 12 March 2004

Despite a surprise 11 March decree from President Saparmurat Niyazov
lifting the requirement that a religious community must have 500 adult
citizen members before it can register, officials have insisted that
unregistered religious activity remains illegal. Bibi Agina of the Adalat
(Justice) Ministry told Forum 18 that the decree does not mean that
unregistered religious communities can start to meet freely in private
homes. Some believers are optimistic that the decree might be a signal of a
relaxation of Turkmenistan’s harsh restrictions on religious communities –
which have seen all Protestant, Armenian Apostolic, Shia Muslim, Jewish,
Hare Krishna, Baha’i and Jehovah’s Witness communities banned. “The
authorities have tried up till now to use repressive measures and have
understood this is unsuccessful,” one Protestant told Forum 18. “They seem
now to be trying to bring religious communities under state control –
perhaps a cleverer policy.”


By Igor Rotar, Forum 18 News Service, and
Felix Corley, Forum 18 News Service

Religious believers of the many illegal faiths – including all Protestant,
Armenian Apostolic, Shia Muslim, Jewish, Hare Krishna, Baha’i and Jehovah’s
Witness communities – have been taken by surprise by an 11 March decree
from Turkmenistan’s authoritarian president Saparmurat Niyazov allowing
religious communities to gain official registration regardless of how many
members they have or what faith they belong to. Some have told Forum 18
News Service they are optimistic that conditions will improve, though
others – especially from groups that have regularly suffered fines,
beatings and threats – are sceptical. Under the country’s harsh religion
law, communities have previously needed five hundred adult citizen members
(a requirement almost impossible for religious minorities to achieve),
while since last November unregistered religious activity has been a crime.
The new decree makes no mention of decriminalising unregistered religious

Bibi Agina, an official of the department that registers social
organisations at the Adalat (Justice) Ministry, told Forum 18 that the
decree does not mean that unregistered religious communities can start to
meet freely in private homes. “As before, religious communities can only
function after they get registration,” she told Forum 18 from Ashgabad on
12 March. “The decree simply gives religious communities like the Baptists
and others the possibility to work legally.”

Officials at the government’s Gengeshi (Council) for Religious Affairs
were, as usual, reluctant to talk, putting down the phone when Forum 18
telephoned. Eventually Forum 18 managed to speak to Mukhamed (who refused
to give his last name), an aide to the deputy chairman Murad Karriyev, who
said the same as Agina that the decree does not entitle unregistered
religious communities to begin to function. “They still need registration,”
he insisted to Forum 18.

Radik Zakirov, a Protestant from Ashgabad, said his community is not
preparing to register under the new decree. But he believed it might mark a
change of policy. “The authorities have tried up till now to use repressive
measures and have understood this is unsuccessful,” he told Forum 18 on 12
March. “They seem now to be trying to bring religious communities under
state control – perhaps a cleverer policy.”

One immediate welcome for the decree came from Armenia’s Ambassador to
Turkmenistan, Aram Grigorian, who has been seeking the return to the local
Armenian community of their church in the Caspian port city of Turkmenbashi
(formerly Krasnovodsk), which was confiscated during the Soviet period.
“This is a very progressive decree,” he told Forum 18 from Ashgabad on 12
March. “We will try to make use of it.”

The government has not allowed any Armenian Apostolic churches to reopen or
open in Turkmenistan and, if they wish to attend services, Armenian
Apostolic believers are forced to go to the only legal Christian
denomination, the Russian Orthodox Church, although the Armenian Church is
of the Oriental family of Christian Churches, not the Orthodox.

Vasili Kalin, chairman of the ruling council of the Jehovah’s Witnesses in
Russia, who maintains close ties with fellow believers in Turkmenistan, was
cautiously optimistic over what he regarded as perhaps the start of a
process of improvement. “We welcome the guarantees of freedom of religion
and registration in the decree,” he told Forum 18 from St Petersburg on 12
March, “but experience teaches us to look at what happens in practice.”
Anatoly Melnik, a Jehovah’s Witness leader from Kazakhstan with contacts in
Turkmenistan, was more pessimistic over whether the decree will improve
life for their communities, believing the decree might be simply a
“propaganda measure”.

Kalin said their communities in Turkmenistan are ready to register, but
pointed out that several Jehovah’s Witnesses remain in prison for their
faith. “It would be a good gesture that Turkmenistan is ready to abide by
its international human rights commitments if these innocent people would
be freed. We hope to see that soon.” He said the new decree might be a
signal that Turkmenistan is changing “just as in the Soviet Union when the
situation changed”. He pointed out that moving from illegality in the
Soviet Union to a position where Jehovah’s Witnesses could register their
communities took time.

One Protestant, whose church has had numerous problems from the authorities
and has to meet in secret to try to evade state control, was sceptical
about whether the decree would make a lot of difference. “We know about the
decree,” the Protestant – who preferred not to be identified – told Forum
18. “But are we optimistic? Not so much.”

A Christian representative outside Turkmenistan with close links in the
country told Forum 18 that “if the decree becomes a reality, it will be
good”. The representative noted that without registration the church has
faced a number of problems, including the impossibility of acquiring
property for services.

Most sceptical were leaders of unregistered Protestant churches. Viktor
Makrousov of the Pentecostal church (who had not yet seen the decree) and
Vladimir Tolmachev of Greater Grace both separately believed the situation
is unlikely to improve on the ground. “Our main problem has not been the
500 signatures required for registration – we could achieve that,”
Tolmachev told Forum 18 from Ashgabad on 12 March. “The problem is that
people signing the registration application would get problems – they would
be sacked from their work, especially those who are ethnic Turkmens. It is
a problem of people’s safety.”

Niyazov’s decree, reported on state television on 11 March and published in
Russian on the pro-government website, claims that the
country “carries out fully” its commitments under the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
and the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of
Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief “while securing the harmony of
the religious confessions functioning in Turkmenistan”. In reality, the
government has flagrantly violated these international commitments amid the
heaviest controls on religious life of all the former Soviet republics.

The decree – which comes into force today (12 March) – sets out three

“1. To secure the registration on the territory of Turkmenistan of
religious organisations and groups in accordance with generally-accepted
international norms and procedures.

“2. To register on the territory of Turkmenistan according to established
procedure religious groups of citizens independently of their number, faith
and religion.

“3. The Adalat Ministry of Turkmenistan is to put into effect the current
decree from the day of its publication.”

The decree was published at the same time as a decree ordering the lifting
of exit controls on Turkmenistan’s citizens. Both this and the denial of
religious freedom have been heavily criticised by foreign governments and
human rights activists. Religious believers within the country are
generally too frightened to speak out openly against the restrictions on
their religious activity.

For more background see Forum 18’s report on the new religion law at

and Forum 18’s latest religious freedom survey at

A printer-friendly map of Turkmenistan is available at

© Forum 18 News Service. All rights reserved.

You may reproduce or quote this article provided that credit is given to

Past and current Forum 18 information can be found at

If you need to contact F18News, please email us at:
[email protected]

Forum 18
Postboks 6663
N-0502 Oslo

CENN Daily Digest – 03/12/2004

Table of Contents:
1. GIOC – Georgian International Oil Corporation — Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan
Main Export Pipeline Construction
2. Talks Begin on Heavy Metal Air Pollution Deal
3. International Fundraising Workshop, Ukraine May 10-23, 2004
4. International-caliber graduate Program in Economics

Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Main Export Pipeline Construction

The Georgian International Oil Corporation has the honor to inform the
audience that the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Main Export Pipeline Construction
has moved into a significant phase. GIOC will continuously update you on
the progress of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Main Export Pipeline
Construction process to ensure open and transparent implementation of
the project.


Pipeline stringing has taken place along 50 km of the corridor
Welding of pipes has been carried out along 45 km of the corridor
Pipe laying has been carried out along 20 km of the corridor
2650 Georgian nationals have been directly employed by the project


Georgian companies have performed 8 273 000 Gel worth construction works

Land and crop compensation worth 14 960 000 Gel has been paid to 2350
4 031 000 Gel worth construction and inert materials have been purchased
from Georgian companies
553 000 Gel worth food product have been purchased from local population

293 700 Gel has been paid to local population as a rental fee for
6 756 850 has been paid to Batumi and Poti ports for receiving and
handling project cargo
6 104 800 has been paid to the railway of Georgia for transportation of
project cargo
754 00 has been paid to the central and local budgets of Georgia
To date over 10 000 Georgian nationals rendered different services and
participated in the project


GOIC informs you that any project-related information will be
permanently available to you
Should you have comments, proposals of questions, out hot line: +995 32
92 02 54 will be at your service every day from 10:00 to 18:00.

Furthermore, GIOC offices are open in the districts crossed by the
pipeline, at the following addresses:

1. 74, David Agmashenebeli str.., Power Networkings building, Gardabani
2. 34, Tamar Mepis str., Local Administration building, Tetritskaro
3. 22, Aristotle str., Local Administration building, Tsalka
4. 1, Rustaveli str., Local Administration building, Borjomi
5. 11, Tamarasheni str., District Administration building, Akhalstikhe

The office of Georgian International Oil Corporation
4, Sanapiro str., Tbilisi
Tel: +995 32 92 02 46/47


The EU is moving towards agreeing semi-binding targets to cut heavy
metal pollution in ambient air, Environment Daily has learned. MEPs and
the council of ministers are to confer soon on the chances of reaching
first-reading agreement on the fourth air quality daughter directive
before the European parliament dissolves in May for elections.

EU sources say a majority of member states now favour setting targets
for reducing arsenic, cadmium and nickel pollution from industrial
installations, to be met on the crucial condition that the abatement
effort does not create excessive costs.

The plan is still a step up from the European Commission’s original
proposal, which junked the idea of limits entirely and instead set out
monitoring thresholds linked to the use of best available techniques
under the IPPC directive. The Commission did however retain a target for
a fourth pollutant, PAHs (ED 07/07/03).

MEPs were due to debate the directive in Strasbourg late on Tuesday but
a vote has been postponed to allow the possibility of a deal with the
council first. Rapporteur Hans Kronberger, of the Austrian Freedom
Party, will sound out the willingness for compromise among colleagues of
different political hues on Wednesday.

Mr Kronberger had earlier persuaded the environment committee to back
fully binding limit values for the three metals, a much stronger
position that would almost certainly have triggered conciliation talks
with the council (ED 21/01/04).

But it did so only narrowly and it was not certain that the stance would
be backed by the full assembly. This may have increased the rapporteur’s
appetite for compromise. “We thought maybe it was better to get a good
agreement early rather than have this delayed by two years,” an aide to
Mr Kronberger told Environment Daily on Tuesday.

If the idea of qualified targets does come to pass, it is likely to
leave installation owners dissatisfied. “It might create a burden
similar to binding limit values depending on how member states implement
it,” an industry source told Environment Daily today. At least Austria,
Germany and Denmark are thought to favour binding limit values and may
apply this philosophy when transposing the directive, firms fear.
ENDS, March 9, 2004

Center of Philanthropy
International Fundraising Institute Project
Organization Futures LLC, Strategic Fundraising and Capacity Building,
International Workshop on Fundraising `Backstage of the Fundraising:
Foundation of the Future of Our Organization’ May 19-23, 2003, Kiev,

The seminar will be held in the framework of the series of seminars on
fundraising. The objectives of the seminars are:

ž Solution of the base issue of the civil society in the post communist
countries, particularly achieving financial all sufficient and
ž Training in fundraising

The program of the seminar:

ž Strategic approaches to the resources
ž Organizational and human resources management
ž Juridical aspects of the fundraising
ž Psychological and communication issues of the fundraising
ž Management and monitoring of the fundraising
ž Ethic and meaning of ethical conduct of the fundraising

Working language of the workshop Russian and English (With translation).

The representatives of governmental organizations and NGOs, fundraiser
consultants and all interested parties of NIS and Eastern Europe are
welcome to participate in the seminar.

Registration fee 200 USD

Early registration deadline before April 1, 2004 discount 10% of the
registration fee.

For the additional information please contact:
Center of Philanthropy
E-mail: [email protected]


The Economics Education and Research Consortium (EERC), the National
University “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy,” and the newly-born Kyiv School of
Economics invite all interested persons from South Caucasus (Armenia,
Azerbaijan, and Georgia) to apply to the only in region
international-caliber graduate program in economics, fully accredited by
the Ukrainian Ministry of Education.

The Master’s Program in Economics features a two-year English-language
curriculum taught by international faculty from the USA, Canada, UK,
Germany, and other countries. The first year of study covers
microeconomics, macroeconomics, econometrics and advanced mathematics.
The second year consists of applied elective courses such as
international finance, international trade, banking, financial
economics, labor economics, industrial organizations, game theory, etc.
as well as a master’s thesis on a topic related to a transition economy.
Students from Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia study at the program
thanks to financial support provided by the Norwegian Ministry of
Foreign Affairs.

Why are we distinguished? Because we offer:

ž Western style economics education
ž Concentrations in Finance, Strategy, Consumer Behaviour, Modern Theory
of Industry, and Economic Theory
ž Strong research and analytical skills applicable in business and
ž Assistance securing internships in international organizations,
multinational corporations, and the Ukrainian government
ž Excellent opportunities for job placement or admission to
international PhD programs
ž Financial assistance in the form of tuition waivers, scholarships,
dormitory housing, and monthly stipends for first-year students
ž Free access to Internet, e-mail, computer facilities, library, and
western textbooks.

Application deadline: June 25, 2004.

vul. Voloska 10, office 406, Kyiv 04070, Ukraine
Tel.: (38-044) 239-2494, Fax: (38-044) 239-2490
E-mail: [email protected]

Caucasus Environmental NGO Network (CENN)

Tel: ++995 32 92 39 46
Fax: ++995 32 92 39 47
E-mail: [email protected]

CENN is a moderated mailing list created by Caucasus Environmental
NGO Network (CENN) to maintain and encorage e-mail discussions on
environmental issues in the Caucasus region and abroad.
By sending the letter on address [email protected] all subscribers will
receive it. To unsubscribe, send the message <UNSUBSCRIBE CENN> to
Md[email protected] The message subject is irrelevant and can be left

For help, contact the list manager: [email protected]

Editorial policy: CENN both solicits and accepts submissions for
environmental information to the Caucasus Environmental NGO Network.
Although, CENN retains the right to edit all materials both for
content and length. The information provided through CENN does
not necessarily represent the opinion of SDC and CENN.

CENN, on behalf of the Caucasus Environmental NGOs, would like to
express gratitude to the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation
(SDC) for provision of financial support for regional environmental
networking program.

For more information about the program, please visit CENN web-page:


Misery is Environment’s Bitter Enemy

A1 Plus | 18:43:28 | 12-03-2004 | Social |


Armenian Environment Minister Vardan Aivazyan is convinced the main cause of
many environmental problems is that the republic population lives in

The other day, walking along the park he found almost all trees cut there.
As it became clear later, the trees were cut by nearby houses tenants for
heating their homes, the minister said.

Russian emb. in Georgia denies Moscow sending extra troops to Ajaria

Russian embassy in Georgia denies Moscow sending extra troops to Ajaria

RIA news agency, Moscow
12 Mar 04


The Russian embassy to Georgia has denied Georgian media reports that
an additional contingent of Russian servicemen is being sent to Ajaria
(one of Georgia’s autonomous republics).

“This is a routine rotation which the Georgian leadership, Foreign
Ministry and Defence Ministry were informed of in advance,” the
embassy’s press service told Novosti-Gruziya agency [the Georgian
service of RIA news agency].

A routine replacement of servicemen at the 12th Russian military base
in Ajaria is taking place at the moment, the embassy explained.

According to the diplomatic mission, 78 servicemen from the base at
Gyumri (in Armenia) arrived at the base on 12 March, and another 44
servicemen will arrive there over the next few days. An equivalent
number of servicemen are to leave the base during the
rotation. Altogether 188 servicemen will be replaced during the
rotation, the embassy added.

“All the servicemen arriving at the 12th Russian base in Ajaria have
Georgian visas, the lists with their names have been submitted to the
appropriate Georgian authorities,” the press service stressed.

The embassy recalled that this is not the first time such reports have
appeared in the Georgian media of late. “The embassy asks all
journalists to be precise in their reporting. We are willing to answer
any questions,” was the assurance from the press service.
From: Baghdasarian

Armenian deputy foreign minister, US official discuss Karabakh settl

Armenian deputy foreign minister, US official discuss Karabakh settlement

Mediamax news agency
12 Mar 04


Armenian Deputy Foreign Minister Ruben Shugaryan and the director of
the Office of Caucasus and Central Asian Affairs [part of the Bureau
of European and Eurasian Affairs] of the US Department of State, John
Fox, discussed the settlement of the Nagornyy Karabakh problem in
Yerevan today.

The press service of the Armenian Foreign Ministry told Mediamax news
agency today that Shugaryan and Fox also exchanged opinions on the
situation in the South Caucasus and discussed Armenian-American
From: Baghdasarian

Azeris deny NATO conf venue changed over Armenian officer’s killing

Azeris deny NATO conference venue changed over Armenian officer’s killing

Ekspress, Baku
12 Mar 04

The venue for the second planning conference of the Cooperative Best
Effort – 2004 military exercises, which will be held in Azerbaijan
within the framework of NATO’s Partnership for Peace programme this
September, has been changed. The NATO headquarters said in a press
release yesterday that officers from partner countries would meet in
Kiev this time. The NATO leadership links this change to “technical
issues”. We should remind you that the conference was expected to be
held in Baku at the end of this month.

[Passage omitted: NATO official has commented on the issue to Mediamax
news agency]

“The fact that NATO’s second conference is to be held not in Baku, but
in another country has nothing to do with Armenia,” the head of the
press service of the Azerbaijani Defence Ministry, Ramiz Malikov, has
told Ekspress newspaper. According to him, this decision was made
before the Armenian officer’s murder in Budapest and this change has
nothing to do with Yerevan’s groundless accusations: “Since the
Cooperative Best Effort – 2005 exercises will be held in Ukraine next
year, according to general rules, the planning conference of this
year’s exercises should have been held precisely in that country, and
this has happened. I do not see any problems here,” Malikov said.

He also said that the second planning conference was earlier planned
in Ukraine: “Previous information about this was incorrect”.

We should remind you that a representative of NATO’s South-West
command, Turkish Navy Capt Olcay Uyar, has said that the March
conference will be held in Baku.

But after the aforesaid Budapest incident, Armenia refused to send its
servicemen to Baku under the pretext that the implementation of
military programmes in Azerbaijan is “dangerous”.

Leadership failing to prepare Armenian people for war – newspaper

Leadership failing to prepare Armenian people for war – newspaper

Golos Armenii, Yerevan
11 Mar 04

The Armenian army is ready for war, but the people are not, according
to an article in an independent Armenian newspaper. Society trusts
neither the authorities nor the opposition and will not want to fight
for them, the article said. Azerbaijan, and as a result Armenia, have
entered the final pre-war period, a time of intensive propaganda to
mobilize support for war. The following is the text of Arsen
Yalanuzyan’s report in Armenian newspaper Golos Armenii on 11 March
headlined “Imperatives of the threatening period”; subheadings
inserted editorially:

The despicable killing of an Armenian officer in Budapest has marked
Azerbaijan’s entry into a “threatening period”: this is what the final
pre-war stage of a period of peace is called. The characteristic of
that period is intensive military and political propaganda that
mobilizes a country’s citizens to give unconditional support to the
future actions of their own armed forces and the neutralization of
pacifist tendencies and speeches by the population. The official
propaganda of Azerbaijan has practically achieved this objective and
now that the scum who killed Gurgen Markaryan has become a hero, there
is and will be no return to constructiveness in Azerbaijani
society. So this means that we also have automatically entered this
period. This is a fact that must not be ignored.

People not ready for war

Are we ready for war? The military and political leadership of our
country announces confidently: “Our army is ready to carry out all the
objectives it is set.” Any person who is aware of the rate and quality
of the development of our army may have no doubts – the army will do
its job. But the possible war will be a war not of the armies but of
the peoples – Armenian and Azerbaijani. And either our nation or
Azerbaijan will gain victory in that war. That victory will define
their fortunes for the foreseeable future.

The authorities of Azerbaijan along with the army are preparing their
nation for that fateful war. The result is obvious. But how are our
people preparing for the war? To be more accurate – have our
authorities set this objective at all?

War a taboo subject

We have the impression that a taboo has been set in our society on the
word “war”. Ex-President Levon Ter-Petrosyan mainly promoted this. His
statement about the coming to power of the “party of war ” gave the
“hawks” a complex, as any mention of war may be understood as
confirmation of the ex-president’s “prophecies”. Meanwhile, mentioning
the need for a new war to protect the achievements of the national
liberation fight of 1988-94 may not be reprehensible, if it is these
very achievements that are the price of the offered peace. The point
is – who will lead the people (not the army!) to war? Who will make
the address to the nation after a decade of horrible lawlessness, as a
result of which the people lost faith in the authorities?

At that time, at the beginning of the 90s, we won thanks to the cream
of our nation – those volunteer lads who for ideals, which were later
announced by the president to be a “false category”, were ready to
fight and to die. In addition, at that time society had just entered
the path of “democratic development” and national values were
considered something usual. And the Armenian Pan-National Movement
[APNM] as a party (not its separate patriot-members) as the holder of
the leading anational ideology, had nothing to do with that victory,
because it hated that victory as a matter of principle from the very
beginning. Otherwise we would not have such a precedent, unthinkable
in our long history, when not just any person but the president of the
country denies the ideals of the Armenian nation. He denies the reason
and pledge of victory, the laurels of which are being ascribed to him
personally today. He denies the blood of thousands of patriots to whom
we and our future generations are eternally indebted!

And what do we have today? Since the APNM came to power, there has
been no patriotic training in schools and today’s society has been
much poisoned with liberalism, self-interest and cosmopolitanism, but
there is not even a sign about relative social justice. From this
point of view it is not the laurels of previous victories that belong
to Ter-Petrosyan but the seeds of future defeats! As for today’s
president, till now he has not said whether he agrees with
Ter-Petrosyan or not in the matter of national ideology. So who will
prepare society for war and how?

Society trusts neither authorities nor opposition

Let us look truth in the eye: a major part of our population does not
trust the president or government, opposition and clergy. We live
during a threatening time! What are those who have power doing at this
responsible moment to gain the people’s trust?

Contrary to the mood of society, the government is continuing to
introduce a system of social cards. And nobody says: gentlemen, even
if you are right a thousand times, the trust of the people is more
important. Can it be excluded that the sponsors across the ocean of
such programmes are managing to divide our nation from the authorities
precisely at this threatening period? Specialists in psychological
warfare call this method “enlivening religious prejudices in the midst
of the enemy”. The opposition is calling for revolution, again in the
threatening period. And in the instructions of psychological warfare
of all our enemies (not only Azerbaijan!) this is called something
slightly different: “to rouse the civilian population and servicemen
of the enemy to anti-public actions that destabilize the normal
everyday life of society and the army”.

Luxurious private residences and casinos are being built for everyone
to see, costly office cars are bought at the expense of the people,
and nobody is listening to the press when they say “Enough!”. But
tomorrow people will not want to fight for their masters! And our
enemies will register the latest successfully fulfilled objective in
the psychological war: “to stir up contradictions between specific
social groups and strata of society of the enemy country”. This is
how our temporal and religious leaders are preparing our society for
war! As for our nation, it will move mountains, if it knows for what
end and has a just, Armenian leader! The people know what to fight
for. The issue remains of a leader who understands that social justice
today is the most important thing, as justice and trust are the
imperatives of the threatening time.

CIS Security Chief Calls For Global Unity Against Terrorism


Interfax-AVN military news agency web site
12 Mar 04


The Thursday (11 March) blasts in Madrid, the 11 September terrorist
attack in New York and terrorist sallies in Asia are links in one
chain, Secretary-General of the Collective Security Treaty
Organization (CSTO) Nikolay Bordyuzha said on Friday.

“International terrorism is readjusting itself dramatically and is
ready to deliver strike after strike in any region of the globe. In
order to confront this evil, the global community must pool efforts
and create an atmosphere of rejection of terrorism in any form or
manifestation,” Bordyuzha told Interfax-Military News Agency. The CSTO
has repeatedly called for nations and international organizations to
pool their efforts in order to rebuff terrorism and extremism, he
said. “We confirm the CSTO’s readiness to continue making constructive
contributions to combating terrorism,” Bordyuzha stressed.

The CSTO brings together Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,
Armenia and Tajikistan.