UN EXHIBITION POSTPONED AFTER TURKEY OBJECTS TO REFERENCE TO ARMENIANS
Associated Press Writer Lily Hindy contributed to this report
The Associated Press
International Herald Tribune, France
April 9 2007
UNITED NATIONS: A U.N. exhibition on the 1994 Rwanda genocide,
scheduled to be opened Monday by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, has
been postponed because of Turkish objections to a reference to the
murder of a million Armenians in Turkey during World War I.
James Smith, chief executive of the British-based Aegis Trust, which
works to prevent genocide and helped organize the photo exhibition,
said the U.N. Department of Public Information approved the contents
and it was put up on Thursday.
A Turkish diplomat complained about the reference to the Armenian
murders, he said, and Armenia’s U.N. Ambassador Armen Martirosyan
went to see the new Undersecretary for Public Information Kiyotaka
Akasaka and they agreed to remove the words "in Turkey."
Martirosyan said Akasaka invited him to the exhibition’s opening,
but late Sunday "I was informed that the opening would be postponed,
or delayed, or even canceled." He blamed Turkish "censorship" and
the country’s refusal "to come to terms with their own history."
On Monday, the exhibition in the visitor’s lobby had been turned around
so it could not be seen by the public. Smith said he was still hoping
for a diplomatic solution to the dispute.
"We are very disappointed about it because for us, this was meant to be
about the Rwandan genocide, and the lessons from the Rwandan genocide,"
and to engage the secretary-general on the pledge by world leaders to
protect civilians from genocide, war crimes and ethnic cleansing, which
Smith said was not happening in Sudan’s conflict-wracked Darfur region.
U.N. associate spokesman Farhan Haq confirmed Turkey complained about
the exhibition, but he said "the basic concern" was that the review
process for U.N. exhibitions, which takes into account "all positions,"
was not followed. He said there were other concerns which he refused
"The exhibition has been postponed until the regular review process
is completed," Haq said.
Smith told The Associated Press the exhibition refers to the Armenian
murders to help explain the word "genocide," which was coined
by Raphael Lemkin, a lawyer of Polish-Jewish descent. Lemkin was
inspired by what happened to the Armenians and other mass killings,
and campaigned in the League of Nations – the precursor of the United
Nations – against what he called "barbarity" and "vandalism."
Historians estimate up to 1.5 million Armenians were killed by
Ottoman Turks around the time of World War I, an event widely viewed
by genocide scholars as the first genocide of the 20th century.
Turkey, however, denies the deaths constituted genocide, saying that
the toll has been inflated and that those killed were victims of
civil war and unrest.
Smith said a small panel on Lemkin in the exhibit "says that during
World War I a million Armenians were murdered in Turkey." It goes on
to explain that Lemkin first used the word genocide in 1943, and then
focuses on the Rwanda genocide, lessons from it, and the responsibility
of the international community to prevent future genocides, he said.
Haq said "the U.N. hasn’t expressed any position on incidents that
took place long before the United Nations was established" after
World War II.
"In any case, the focus during the anniversary of the Rwanda genocide
should remain on Rwanda itself," he said.
Rwanda’s genocide began hours after a plane carrying President Juvenal
Habyarimana was mysteriously shot down as it approached the capital,
Kigali, on April 6, 1994. The 100-day slaughter, in which more than
500,000 minority Tutsis were killed by Hutu extremists, ended after
rebels ousted the extremist Hutu government that orchestrated the
Smith said the panel on the origin of genocide could have been done
without referring to the Armenians.
But once the Armenian reference "was there and approved, we felt as a
matter of principle you can’t just go around striking things out. It
is a form of denial, and as an organization that deals with genocide
issues, we couldn’t do that on any genocide, and we can’t do this,"
"If we can’t get this right, it undermines all the values of the U.N.
It undermines everything the U.N. is meant to stand for in terms
of preventing (genocide)," Smith said. "You can’t learn the lessons
from history if you’re going to sweep all of that history under the
carpet. And what about accountability? What about ending impunity
if you’re going to hide part of the truth? It makes a mockery of all
Haq said Ban planned to meet with Rwanda’s U.N. ambassador late Monday,
and he read a message from the secretary-general who recalled the
"personal impact" of his visit to Rwanda last year to pay his respects
to victims and survivors of the genocide.
"On this 13th anniversary of the genocide in Rwanda, two messages
should be paramount," Ban said. "First, never forget. Second never
stop working to prevent another genocide."