Armenian Apostolic Church celebrates the Feast of St. Sarkis
17:33, 30 Jan 2015
Tomorrow the Armenian Apostolic Church will celebrate the Feast of St.
Sarkis the Captain, Patron of Love and Youth.
By the order of His Holiness Karekin II, Supreme Patriarch and
Catholicos of All Armenians, the Feast of St. Sarkis the Captain and
his soldiers-companions is proclaimed day of blessing of the youth.
Captain St. Sarkis is one of the most beloved saints among the
Armenian nation. Together with his 14 soldiers-companions he was
martyred for the sake of Christian faith.
During the period of reign of the king Kostandianos the Great
(285-337) St. Sarkis, being very courageous, was appointed the prince
and General in chief of the region of Cappadocia bordering Armenia.
When during the period of reign of the king Julianos the Betrayer
(360-363) the persecutions against Christians started by God’s will
St. Sarkis and his only son – Martyros, came to live in Armenia, and
the Armenian king Tiran, grandson of Tiridates, received them very
well. From Armenia St. Sarkis and his son went to Persia, and started
serving in the army of the Persian king Shapouh as the captain of
regiments. Become aware of the fact that Sarkis was Christian the king
Shapouh ordered him to worship the fire and offer sacrifice to the
heathen gods. But the captain immediately refused to obey the order
saying, “We should worship one God – the Holy Trinity, which has
created the earth and the heaven. Whereas fire or idols are not gods
and the human being may destroy them.” After these words the saint
destroyed the temple. The annoyed crowd fell on the saint and his son.
First the son of the saint was martyred. The saint was put into prison
and remaining unshaken in his faith was beheaded. After the martyrdom
of the saint light appeared over his body. 14 soldiers-companions of
the saint also were martyred for the sake of Christian faith.
For the Armenian nation St. Sarkis is one of the most beloved. It
isn’t casual that St. Mesrop Mashtots brought the relics of the saint
to the village Karbi (Ashtarak Region) and the Church of St. Sarkis
was built over his relics.
Sts. Atomians were the Armenian captains Atom Gnouni and Manajihr
Reshtouni who together with their regiments served in the Persian
royal court during the period of reign of the idolater king Hazkert.
Upon the excitation of archimagi king Hazkert started persecutions
against Christians in order to eradicate Christian faith in Persia.
Captains Atom Gnouni and Manajihr Reshtouni received an edict from
Hazkert inviting the captains together with their regiments to the
royal palace with the intention of forcing them to apostasy. At first
the Armenian captains obeyed the order, but being aware of the trap
prepared by the king they started back home and on their way home they
stopped in the province of Andzevatsyats. Becoming aware of the
numerous Persian Army persecuting them soldiers of the captain Atom
Gnouni, encouraged by the prophesy of a saint hermit living on the
mountain preferred voluntary martyrdom. Persian Army reaching the
Armenian regiment surrounded them and killed the saints by words.
Whereas Manajihr Reshtouni and his soldiers reached his native land –
Reshtounik, where he confessed his being Christian and was martyred in
In Armenia it is accepted to celebrate the Feast of St. Sarkis not
only according to church rites and prayer, but also according to
various folk traditions. St. Sarkis the Captain is the patron of
youth. Many miracles happen thanks to his intercession. On the day of
the feast young people pray the saint asking him to make their prayers
audible to God. St. Sarkis is the realizer of the love longings.
There are many legends about St. Sarkis and one of them is the following.
Poor bard Gharib loved Shah-Sanam who was the daughter of a very rich
man. Shah-Sanam loved him, too, but because the bard was poor, the
Shah-Sanam’s father was against their marriage as he wished to marry
his daughter to a rich man. Bard Gharib decided to go to foreign
countries to earn money and to accumulate wealth. But before leaving
for foreign countries bard Gharib asked Shah-Sanam to promise to wait
for him for seven years providing that if he were late even for one
day the young woman might marry according to her father’s will.
That seven-year-period was a very difficult period for bard Gharib. He
couldn’t see his beloved, had no news of her, and nevertheless, he
wasn’t disappointed and waited for the time when they would meet, make
up family and live together all their life.
Working day and night for seven years bard Gharib accumulated wealth
and started his way back to the motherland. However, on his way back
he faced many difficulties and hardships. It seemed to him that he
wouldn’t be able to reach his beloved. So, he prayed with honest heart
and righteous mind for the help of St. Sarkis asking.
Listening the prayer of the bard St. Sarkis immediately appeared
sitting on his white horse, seated him on the back of the horse and in
one moment brought him to Shah-Sanam. Seeing the bard’s strong will,
their sincere and deep love and devotion, Shah-Sanam’s father blessed
Fast of Catechumens established by St. Gregory the Illuminator
precedes the feast. On the eve of the feast, in the evening, young
people eat salty cookies and relate the appearance of their future
bride or bridegroom in their dream to eating of the salty cookie.
Also, on the night preceding the feast of St. Sarkis the faithful
people place a tray full of gruel before the door believing that while
passing near their door at dawn St. Sarkis will leave his footprint on
the gruel symbolizing the fulfillment of their dreams.
People in love present each other cards, flowers or sweets on the
occasion of the feast.
On the day of the feast a Divine Liturgy is celebrated in all churches
named after St. Sarkis. Following the Liturgy a special ceremony of
blessing of young people will be offered.
From: A. Papazian