Chicago Tribune, IL
May 7 2012
Armenia president’s party wins election
YEREVAN (Reuters) – Armenian President Serzh Sarksyan’s Republican
Party won a parliamentary majority, election results showed on Monday,
strengthening his position ahead of a presidential election next year.
The Republican Party won 44 percent of the vote decided under a party
list system in Sunday’s election and won at least 28 seats contested
by individual candidates, election officials said, giving it an
overall majority in the 131-seat parliament.
The vote was seen as a test of democracy in Russia’s main ally in the
South Caucasus region where a previous nationwide poll was marred by
violence and allegations of vote rigging.
A leading lawmaker from Sarksyan’s party said the vote was a triumph
“This election proved there is no alternative to democratic values and
the Republican Party … is a guarantor of the preservation of these
values,” said Eduard Sharmazanov, a vice speaker in the previous of
Voting ended without any of the violence that erupted after
Sarkasyan’s election to the presidency in 2008 – a relief to Armenians
hoping for a period of stability to support the battered economy in
the landlocked nation of 3.3 million.
International monitors gave a mixed assessment, however, praising
Armenia for holding a peaceful election but criticizing violations of
campaign law and interference by parties.
The results in the former Soviet republic, where the Republican Party
was just short of a majority in the previous parliament, give Sarksyan
a strong platform to seek a second presidential term next year.
Armenia sits in a region that is emerging as an important route for
oil and gas exports from the Caspian Sea to world markets, although it
has no pipelines of its own.
The Prosperous Armenia party, led by wealthy businessman Gagik
Tsarukyan, finished second with about 30 percent of the vote decided
by party lists.
Prosperous Armenia was the Republican Party’s coalition partner in the
previous parliament but Sarksyan’s party will not now need its backing
to pass most laws, which require a majority.
Sarksyan can also rely on support from a government-allied party that
was one of three smaller parties that cleared the 5 percent threshold
needed to win seats.
The opposition Armenian National Congress, led by former President
Levon Ter-Petrosyan, crossed the 7 percent threshold for party blocs
to take up seats. The bloc is to hold a rally on Tuesday, something it
said it had planned weeks before the election.
“I don’t see any likelihood of mass demonstrations, although the
results were disappointing for many, including Prosperous Armenia,”
said Richard Giragosian, director of the Regional Studies Centre in
“There are signs that Sarksyan will consolidate his hold on the
Republican Party in preparation for his presidential bid in 2013,”
HOPES OF STABILITY
The two leading parties, both centre-right, put the economy and social
problems at the heart of their election campaigns, promising more
But there were no major differences in their economic programs, which
promised to bolster domestic industry, make Armenia more competitive
and continue cooperation with Russia and international financial
Voting irregularities marred Armenia’s 2007 parliamentary election and
clashes killed 10 people after the presidential vote in 2008.
“Armenia deserves recognition for its electoral reforms and its open
and peaceful campaign environment,” international observers from the
Parliamentary Assembly of the Organisation for Security and
Cooperation in Europe said in a statement.
But it added that several unnamed “stakeholders” had too often failed
to comply with the law, and the election commissions had “too often
failed to enforce it”.
Police received 129 complaints of ballot stuffing, attempts to bribe
voters and other irregularities. It said some of the claims proved to
Armenia’s economy was devastated by a war with neighboring Azerbaijan
in the 1990s and then again by the 2008-2009 global financial crisis.
Although a ceasefire was reached in 1994, the conflict with Azerbaijan
over the tiny Nagorno-Karabakh region remains unresolved and a threat
Relations with another neighbor, Turkey, are also fraught because
Ankara does not recognize the killing of Armenians in Ottoman Turkey
during World War One as genocide.
(Editing by Timothy Heritage and Andrew Osborn)