British Unleash Ergenekon Network To Destroy Turkey And Its Peace Ro

by Dean Andromidas

Executive Intelligence Review (EIR)
July 29 2008

The nation of Turkey has been rocked by the indictment of a criminal
network, the Ergenekon, for planning a military coup against the
government, in an investigation that is only comparable to those
conducted in Italy into the notorious P-2 Masonic Lodge and the Gladio
NATO-linked "stay behind" networks responsible for Italian terrorism in
the 1980s and 1990s. These revelations occur at a time when Turkey is
playing a key role in mediating peace talks between Israel and Syria,
and taking major initiatives with Iraq and Iran that directly counter
British efforts to launch another Southwest Asia war.

The planned Ergenekon "strategy of tension," complete with terror
attacks and assassinations, aims to pave the way for a military coup
against the government of Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Like
those of the P-2 and Gladio in Italy, the Ergenekon investigation
reveals links both to NATO and state security services and to
terrorist, assassination, and criminal networks.

U.S. intelligence sources have told EIR that the British are fully
committed to destabilizing, if not overthrowing, the Erdogan
government. Turkey is targetted because of its central role on
several fronts to promote peace and economic development throughout
the Middle East, a role that threatens to overturn the British Middle
East chessboard, which hasn’t changed since the Sykes-Picot agreement,
where Britain and France carved up the region after World War I.

These peace initiatives include Turkey’s role as mediator in
exploratory peace talks between Israel and Syria, which promise to
further Israeli-Palestinian talks, and, eventually, to open the door
to talks between Lebanon and Israel. Turkey has now offered to play
a similar mediator role between Iran and the West, in order to build
up trust between Iran and the European Union, the United States,
Germany, France, China, Russia, and Great Britain.

On July 11, Erdogan was in Baghdad, where he signed an historic
"strategic cooperation" agreement that has been compared to the
Franco-German treaty of 1963, between Germany Chancellor Konrad
Adenauer and French President Charles de Gaulle. The latter treaty
created an alliance that formed the basis for the economic integration
of Europe–a Europe of Fatherlands. The new strategic agreement will
involve Turkey in the economic reconstruction of Iraq, and begin to
integrate the two economies.

Recently, Turkey co-sponsored, with the U.S. Drug Enforcement
Administration, an international drug-enforcement conference,
and Turkey is also playing a leading role in going after the
multi-billion-dollar drug network that is trafficking heroin from
Afghanistan. Thus, Turkey serves as a key flank against Britain’s
new opium wars.

In this context, Britain’s historic assets have been unleashed.

Ergenekon: Modern Day Young Turks On July 15, Istanbul Chief
Prosecutor Aykut Cengiz Engin submitted the indictment against the
Ergenekon to Turkey’s high criminal court. The 2,455-page indictment
named 86 suspects, 48 of whom are currently in custody, including
retired–and possibly current–members of the armed forces, as well
as academics, journalists, political activists, and organized crime
figures. Among those arrested were retired generals Hursit Tolon and
Sener Eruygur. The former had been the number two commander in the
military when he retired, while the latter was former commander of
the national gendarme force. Also arrested was the head of the Ankara
Chamber of Commerce, Sinan Aygun.

The charges against the Ergenekon include: "membership in an
armed terrorist group"; "aiding and abetting an armed terrorist
organization"; "attempting to destroy the government of the Republic
of Turkey"; "inciting people to rebel against the Republic of Turkey";
"being in possession of explosives, using them, and inciting others
to commit these crimes"; "encouraging soldiers to disobey superiors";
"openly provoking hatred and hostility"; and other similar crimes.

Among the specific crimes Ergenekon is charged with are the 2006
armed attack on the Council of State High Courthouse, where one High
Court judge was killed; and a shooting and hand-grenade attack at
the Istanbul office of the newspaper Cumhuriyet

The Turkish media has compared the Ergenekon to Italy’s Gladio
"stay behind" terrorist network, and identified it as part of the
"deep state" apparatus. But Dr. Mustafa Acar, an economics instructor
at Kirikkale University, went much further in precisely identifying
who is destabilizing Turkey, in a commentary July 2 in the Turkish
daily Zaman. Entitled " ‘Ergenekon’: An Opportunity for Peace Between
State and People," Acar’s article not only describes the group as the
"Turkish branch of Gladio–designed as a semi-military organization in
NATO," but also points to the deeper role of the Progress and Union
Party, also known as the Committee of Union and Progress or CUP,
which was the organization of the Young Turks in the early 1900s.

(The CUP was a freemasonic-type operation founded by British
Intelligence, through the British Scottish Rite and allied French
and Italian Masonic Lodges in 1906, as a vehicle to take over the
Ottoman Empire. These same networks created Italian fascism and
European synarchism.)

Acar writes:

First, Turkey has to deal with Ergenekon effectively if it seeks to
get rid of the dire impacts of the Progress and Union Party (IVT),
which remained effective in the country for more than a century. The
harm inflicted by the IVT, which revolted against Abdul Hamid II with
the promise of bringing liberties but resorted to repressive policies
after it took the office, is simply indescribable. The country had
to deal with enormous problems during the IVT’s term between 1908 and
1918; every attempt by the IVT during this period brought nothing but
disaster and destruction. The Balkan Wars, World War I, the Sarikamis
failure, the Armenian incidents,[1] loss of the Balkans, northern
Africa and the Hijaz, the invasion of Anatolia and the path to the
Sèvres Treaty[2] are all products of the IVT rule. The harm inflicted
by the IVT on this country is not limited to the acceleration of the
Ottoman state’s collapse and the incorrect policies that caused the
subsequent tragic events, which still impacts current politics.

Maybe the Ottoman state would have collapsed anyway, just like the
big empires of the time, including the German, Austro-Hungarian and
Russian empires, collapsed at the end of World War I. The actual harm
done by the IVT was in the mindset of the party; the IVT mindset, based
on excessive nationalism–some may even call it racism–centralist
ideas, repression, alienation from the people and protection against
external actors left indelible imprints in Turkey’s last century. Ever
since then, the ongoing disagreement between the state and the public,
the clashes between the elected and the appointed, the perception that
freedoms will lead to turmoil, and the perception that the recognition
of diverse identities will partition the country have all, to a great
extent, carried the marks of the IVT. Removing the greatest barriers
before Turkey is directly dependent on getting rid of the IVT mindset
and its imprints in the bureaucratic mechanisms.

Pointing to the Gladio-type connection, outside of Turkey, Acar
adds that treating the Ergenekon as a purely domestic operation is
"a failure to see half the picture." Pointing to previous coups in
Turkey, he says:

The coups also include some external dimensions. Currently we are
aware, from the proper analyses made and the publicized documents,
that every coup promoted and staged in Turkey is somehow related to
the Gladio-counter-guerrilla-Ergenekon organization and the attempt
to preserve Turkey in Western orientation….

Unfortunately this gang, which extensively relied on a nationalist
discourse, had done nothing but implement plans devised by NATO
actors. Turkey needs to get rid of the Ergenekon gang if it seeks
to become a stable, pluralist and democratic country that has good
relations with its own people and the world, and is able to retain
a high growth rate.

Although Acar does not directly identify this as a product of the
British Sykes-Picot "mindset," the naming of the Committee of Union
and Progress precisely identifies the ongoing destabilization of
Turkey as a British operation.

The British Imperial Roots of the Young Turks EIR has documented the
British imperialist roots of the Young Turks in many articles. (See,
for example, Joseph Brewda, "Palmerston Launches Young Turks to
Permanently Control Middle East," April 15, 1994). Here we will give
only a thumbnail sketch.

The Young Turks were part a stable of fascist movements inspired by
British agent Giuseppe Mazzini, including Young Europe, Young Italy,
Young Germany, and so on, which were created to subvert and take over
the Ottoman Empire on behalf of the European imperialists, led by
Great Britain, and including France, Italy, and Russia. The CUP was
founded in 1906, in the Greek city of Salonika, and then within the
Ottoman Empire, under the direction of Emmanuel Carasso, an Italian
official of the B’nai B’rith. Carasso was also grand master of the
Italian freemasonic lodge in Salonika called Macedonia Resurrected,
which provided the headquarters of the Young Turks. By 1907, leading
Young Turk Mehmed Talaat, became grand master of the Scottish Rite
Masons in the Ottoman Empire.

Carasso also played a leading role in the Young Turks’ overthrow of
the Sultan Abdul Hamid II in 1908, which paved the way for the CUP
takeover of the administration of the Ottoman Empire, which the CUP
ruled until 1918.

Through the Young Turks, the British gamemasters transmitted
various false ideologies, including Pan Turkism, Pan Islamism,
and even Zionism, as attested by the fact that Vladimir Jabotinsky
was a member. Jabotinsky was the leader of the nationalist wing of
Zionism and the spiritual guide of the Israeli right-wing Likud Party,
particularly its chairman Benjamin Netanyahu. In fact, Jabotinsky
was the editor of the CUP’s Young Turk newspaper.

During this period, the CUP was responsible for the disasters outlined
by Dr. Acar.

After the Committee of Union and Progress destroyed the Ottoman Empire
from within, the British, who had imprisoned many of its members on
the island of Malta after 1918, on charges of war crimes, released CUP
members to subvert the nation-building vision of Mustafa Kemal, known
as Ataturk. For instance, Adil Bey, a leading CUP member and former
interior minister in the Ottoman government, was given £150,000 by
the British, who returned him to Constantinople to form the "Society of
the Friends of England." This group lobbied openly for the protection
of the British, while secretly organizing provocations throughout
the country in an effort to discredit the nationalist movement and
provoke an Allied intervention.

Mustafa Kemal was never forgiven by the British for sabotaging their
plans to dismember Turkey as part of the Sykes-Picot scheme, which
was drafted by England and France in 1916, to divide up the Ottoman
Empire as the "spoils of war." Britain won control of Iraq, Jordan,
and Palestine, while France received control of Syria and Lebanon.

While acknowledging Turkey’s loss of these Arab provinces, Ataturk
led a struggle between 1919 and 1923, to create a new Turkish state
whose sovereignty and independence would be recognized by the world.

At first, Ataturk, who was keen on establishing a Western-style
republic, allowed the CUP’s return on the condition it pledged loyalty
to the new government. Initially, Ataturk encouraged the CUP to take
up the role of the official opposition, only to find in 1926, that
the Committee was plotting his assassination. CUP members have been
deeply embedded in the Turkish political and economic circles, and
the military and security forces ever since. A careful examination
of the three Turkish military coups that have occurred since 1960,
will reveal in many cases first-, second-, and even third-generation
members of the CUP.

Today’s Ergenekon also has links to the Committee.

Ergenekon in the Image of the CUP According to press reports, the
indictment identifies the Ergenekon as a cult-like organization based
on the so-called central Asian "Agarta" myth, a supposedly 600-year-old
legend describing the roots of the Turkish people. Far from being
six centuries old, Agarta, or Argharta, is a synthetic myth created
at the end of the 19th Century by Alexandre Saint-Yves d’Alveydre,
a Martinist freemason, who later became one of the godfathers of the
European Synarchy which formed the basis of the French fascist movement
of the 1930s, and the spiritual basis for today’s neoconservatives.[3]

According to the Ergenekon indictment, and a second one yet to be
released, the nearly 100 people under arrest or being sought, are
linked to a kaleidoscope of organizations from the far left to the
far right, and from ultra-secularist to Islamic fundamentalist. Some
of them call for resurrecting the Istanbul Caliphate, which had been
abolished by Ataturk, not only because he was a secularist, but also
because it represented a hotbed of British and French intrigue. The
Ergenekon met in a church of the so-called Turkish Orthodox Church,
which has no congregation but claims ownership to several properties
and churches formerly belonging to the Greek Orthodox Church.

Another direct link to the Committee of Union and Progress is
the connection to several leaders of the notorious Grey Wolves,
the Pan-Turkic movement whose member Ali Agca was convicted for
the attempted assassination of Pope John Paul II. The spiritual
godfather of the Grey Wolves was Ziya Golkalp, who died in 1924; he
was the chief theoretician of the CUP and the chief protagonist of
the racist Pan-Turkic ideology. This is another synthetic ideology; it
was created in the 19th Century by Hungarian philologist, Orientalist,
and Zionist, Arminius Vámbéry, an agent of Lord Palmerston and the
British Foreign Office who served in the Sultan’s court in the 1860s.

The Ergenekon is also linked to the Pan Islamic Great East
Raiders Front (IBDA-C) led by Salih Mirzabeyoglu and Saadettin
Ustaosmanoglu. Mirzabeyoglu, who is in prison, proudly states
his family’s anti-Ataturk roots going back three generations. But
where does his Pan-Islamism come from? Although the CUP promoted
Pan-Islamicism, it was created in the 1870s by Wilfred Blunt, who
worked for the British Foreign Office. (Blunt’s infamous descendant is
Anthony Blunt, the librarian of the British Royal family who was later
exposed as one of the four men in the spy ring led by Kim Philby.)

The Turkish daily Zaman published details from a document allegedly
showing the structure of the Ergenekon, which revealed it to be
organized as a secret paramilitary society with seven commands,
including one each for a presidency, intelligence, intelligence
analysis, operations, financing, intra-organizational research, and
planning. The documents states such things as, "In the 21st century,
intelligence agencies will inevitably be the institutions shaping
world politicians and global policies."

The Turkish media links Ergenekon to almost every terrorist group that
has surfaced in the last three decades, including the narco-terrorist
Kurdish Workers Party (PKK), which is involved not only in attacks
in Turkey; its Iranian branch, Party for Free Life in Kurdistan,
has become part of U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney’s operations
against Iran.

Zaman quotes a former Ergenekon member, Tuncay Guney, as stating that
Ergenekon had direct links to the PKK. Guney claims that imprisoned
PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan met with PKK leaders, and had told the PKK
"not to mess with Ergenekon." The Ergenekon also had controlling links
to the extreme left-wing Revolutionary People’s Liberation Party/Front
(DHKP/C), which is on the U.S. list of terrorist organizations,
and was behind the 1996 assassination of businessman Ozdemir Sabanci.

Turkey: A Target of Sykes-Picot There have been three military
coups in modern Turkish history: 1960, 1971, and 1980. Some Turkish
commentators have added a fourth, the 1997 "post-modern" coup which
saw the "judicial overthrow" of the government of Necmettin Erbakan,
leader of the Islamic-oriented Welfare Party, after a pressure campaign
by the military.

Commentators fear that the current case before the Constitutional Court
seeking to close down current Prime Minister Erdogan’s ruling AKP party
and ban 71 political figures, including Erdogan and Turkish President
Abdullah Gul, from party politics for five years, is an attempt at
another "post-modern coup." Some have asserted that Ergenekon was to
be part of this new "post-modern" coup.

It is feared that if the court rules against the AKP, there could be
major disturbances. Unlike 1997, when the Islamic Welfare party had to
rule in a coalition, the AKP won a new mandate in last year’s elections
and holds almost an absolute majority in the Turkish parliament. More
importantly, a new generation of military officers has entered the
military; these officers had not participated in the three earlier
coups, and are expected to stay in their barracks and remain loyal
to the constitutional civilian government.

The "Gladio-Deep State" narrative that has identified NATO and the
CIA as the hand behind the past three Turkish military coups has
served only to mask the British hand, that has sought to use Turkey
in its geopolitical schemes, to maintain Britain’s dominance in the
Middle East. Its purpose is to perpetuate the Sykes-Picot "mindset" to
prevent the economic development of a region that is at the crossroads
of Europe and Asia, as well as Eurasia and Africa, and to maintain it
as trigger for global war. With the current financial crisis, powerful
British financial interests are now prepared to pull that trigger.

[1] Sarikamis is a battle during World War I in which the Ottoman Army
was disastrously defeated. It was initiated by Enver Pasha, a leading
CUP member. In its aftermath, the "Armenian incidents," occurred,
i.e., the Armenian genocide, which has been used internationally to
destabilize Turkey.

[2] The Treaty of Sèvres was forced on the Ottoman Empire by the
Allied powers, including Great Britain, France, Italy, and Greece, but
it was never recognized by the United States or the Soviet Union. It
not only removed all the Arab territories from the Ottoman empire,
but also created a group of statelets out of what is now modern
Turkey. Signed by the Young Turk-led Ottoman government, which was
nothing by a puppet of the Allies, the treaty was opposed by the
Nationalist movement led by Ataturk, who defeated the Allied powers’
attempt to use military force, to implement it.

[3] For a full discussion of the Synarchy and its links to
Anglo-French financiers centered on Bank Worms, see Pierre Beaudry,
"Synarchist-Terrorist Fifth Column in France," EIR, June 9, 2006.