Afghan Mojaheads In Karabakh War

Henry Aroushanian.

Azat Artsakh Daily
Republic of Nagorno Karabakh [NKR]

At the beginning of 1990 years, Afghanistan expressed its attitude
about the events taken place in Ngorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan
in the form of warning, directed to the managements of the USSR
and India. The leaders of opposition grouping of islamic party of
Afghanistan Gulbedin Hekmatiar stated about the events taken place
in Azerbaijan and Indian Jamu and Kashmir states. His statement
particularly says."Afghan mojaheads cannot be indifferent to
the vulnerable problems of islamic world. We assured, that afghan
mojaheads will show philanthropic assistance to our brothers". But this
"philanthropic" assistance had a covered army political contents and
after some years on Azerbaijan leaders’ own initiative armour was
moved from Afghanistan to Azerbaijan. Our talk with the candidate
of historical sciences Haik Demoian was about these questions. –
Mr Demoian, when and with what motives afghan mojaheads appeared in
Azerbaijan armed forces? – The appearance of afghan mojaheads in the
territory of Azerbaijan is the following: In 1993, when azeri armed
forces had unluckiness at Karabakh front, official Baku striked a
bargain with the management of Afghanistan for involving in military
operations against Nagorno Karabakh self-defence forces. In July
1993 the Minister of Internal Affairs of Azerbaijan Rovshan Javadov
left for the capital of Afghanistan Kabul, who had meetings with the
Prime Minister of Afghanistan, with the leader of "Hezb Islam" afghan
leader G. Hekmatiar for recruiting afghan hires. Afghan mojaheads
arrived in Karabakh, were basically from Hekmatiar’s "Hezb i Islam"
grouping. – For hiding this unprecedented process "Mego Oil" false
party was founded. American officers Richard Secord, Khary Aderkhold
and Harry Best led that party. – It’s obvious, that during the
military operations the azeri side tried to refute the news about
the mojaheads fought against Karabakh. – In 1993 in the direction
of Karabakh batterfields Fizuli and Zangelan the corpses of afghan
mojaheads with national clothes were found out. Though official Baku
tried to refute the presence of afghans in the republic, the origins
pointed out the presence of 1.5-2 thousand afghans. Moreover,
no more than 200-300 mojaheads were in the front at the same
time. Afghans were fighting according to the established list –
they were in the positions one day of a week, and the other days
they had a rest. Afghans lived in separate districts and associated
rarely with azeri soldiers. There were some reasons for that. –
Which are these reasons? First – Azeri soldiers didn’t keep the
rules of shariat.But afghans followed strictly the rituals written in
Ghouran. The second – as also slavonian hires were fighting in azeri
forces, whom afghans called "shuravi", conflicts took place with the
latters, which ended with double-sided losses. The third – military
management of Azerbaijan evaded unnecessary openings. – What steps
did the leaders of military policy of Karabakh and Armenia take at
these life-and-death issue times. – Keeping in view the development of
dangers, the authorities of RA were obliged to apply with letter to the
president of Afghanistan Islamic Republic Burhanud Rabbani and to the
Prime Minister of the country Gulbed Hekmatiar. In return letter the
management of Afghanistan criticized the presence of afghan citizens
in Nagorno Karabakh military operations and performed to solve the
problem peacefully. Rabbani particularly writes."Afghan side realizes
the anxiety of armenian authority. I want to express great regret to
Armenian people that some groupings for their financial aims, strain
public and political stability in Afghanistan, and the relations
between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Participation of some hires, under
the name "mojaheads", cannot worsen the relations between Afghanistan
and Armenia". Well, "operation" was deciphered and, as they say,
the comments in that case are superfluous.