TURKISH ARMY ON ALERT AMID TENSIONS
By Andrew Borowiec
March 19 2007
NICOSIA, Cyprus — Turkey has put its army on alert to stave off
any attacks by Kurdish rebels during a spring festival beset by
unprecedented political problems this week.
The crisis includes a widening rift between the military commanders
and Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, warnings of more attacks by
Kurdish extremists and a rising nationalist fervor that is worrying
Turkey’s European partners.
Complicating the task of the Erdogan government is the possibility
of strained relations with the United States over the prospect of a
separate Kurdish state in northern Iraq and the threat that the U.S.
Congress might brand the World War I killings of Armenians by Turkey’s
Ottoman rulers as genocide.
Turkish press reports have said the volume of problems is unprecedented
in Turkey’s modern history.
Military leaders have warned that regardless of Turkey’s application
for membership in the European Union, the army will remain the ultimate
guardian of the republic.
At the same time, Gen. Ilker Basbug, the commander of land forces,
reaffirmed Turkey’s right to send its troops to Iraq in pursuit of
Kurdish rebels waging a 32-year war for independence.
Against such a background, most of Turkey’s 10 million Kurds prepared
to celebrate Norooz, a spring festival that is also observed in Iran
The guerrilla Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), the main fighting force
of the Kurdish opposition, has threatened terrorist attacks over the
holiday, particularly against the country’s thriving tourist resorts.
A number of Kurdish politicians, including members of the legally
recognized Democratic Society Party, have been rounded up for
interrogation. In the predominantly Kurdish area of Diyarbakir in
southwestern Turkey, the authorities refused to grant permission
In the weeks leading up to the holiday, the Turkish political scene
was marred by growing tension between the senior military cadres and
Mr. Erdogan, increasingly accused by the army of Islamic tendencies.
In 1999, the army was instrumental in removing from power Prime
Minister Necmettin Erbakan, who was known for his political commitment
to militant Islam.
Although Mr. Erdogan has never indicated any intention of abandoning
Turkey’s secular system, the military and secularist circles resent
his appointments of Islamic politicians to government posts as well
as the fact that his wife wears a head scarf in public buildings,
which is banned by law.
Mr. Erdogan has been highly critical of a planned resolution in
Congress to recognize the 1915 Armenian massacres as genocide. "I am
worried that such a resolution would cast a shadow over our strategic
partnership," he said.
The Bush administration also fears damage to its relations with
Turkey, a critical NATO partner in one of the most unstable areas of
the world. Successive Turkish governments have refused to acknowledge
any responsibility for the death of 1.5 million Armenians who were
accused of supporting Russia in its war with Turkey.