LAWMAKERS QUESTION REMOVAL OF U.S. ENVOY IN ARMENIA
By Jocelyne Zablit, AFP
Radio Liberty, Czech Rep.
May 26 2006
U.S. lawmakers are questioning the apparent dismissal of the US
ambassador to Armenia over a statement he made in which he recognized
the 1915 massacre of Armenians as genocide.
Sixty members of Congress on Monday sent a letter to Secretary of
State Condoleezza Rice to express concern about ambassador John
Evans’s early departure from Yerevan in coming weeks.
The White House on Tuesday nominated Richard Hoagland, the current
ambassador to Tajikistan, to replace Evans. His nomination requires
confirmation by the Senate.
The lawmakers said in their letter to Rice that recent information
indicates Evans was sacked for declaring in February 2005 that “the
Armenian genocide was the first genocide of the 20th century”. He
made the statement in meetings with Armenian-American communities.
Evans later corrected his remarks, as Washington does not officially
recognize as genocide the massacre of up to 1.5 million Armenians in
the final years of the Ottoman Empire.
“I am seriously concerned at the early departure of Ambassador Evans,”
Congressman Ed Markey, a Democrat, said Wednesday in a statement. “I
hope that this sudden action by the State Department is not related
to comments made by Ambassador Evans about the Armenian genocide.”
The State Department had no immediate comment but a spokesman
underlined that all ambassadors serve at the pleasure of the president.
The 60 congressmen who signed the letter to Rice defended his use of
the word “genocide”, saying it was a proper interpretation of the
“cataclysmic events of 1915”. “By employing the proper term last
year, the ambassador was only building on previous statements by
our leaders in government, as well as the repeated declarations of
numerous world-renowned scholars,” the letter states, referring to
comments made by then-president Ronald Reagan in 1981 in which he
specifically used the word genocide in describing massacres.
“In effect, Ambassador Evans did nothing more than succinctly repeat
the conclusions enunciated by those before him,” the lawmakers said.
They also questioned whether Turkey had played a part in Evans’s
departure from Armenia.
“Were the United States to allow the views or beliefs of a third
country to interfere with our diplomatic postings to the Republic of
Armenia, it would establish a dangerous precedent and be injurious to
the long-standing relationship built on trust and friendship between
the two countries,” the letter said.
Evans, a career diplomat, was appointed ambassador to Armenia in
August 2004. Ambassadors typically serve overseas for an average of
The U.S. administration has consistently stopped short of calling the
World War I massacres of Armenians a genocide. However several other
countries, including France, Canada and Switzerland, recognize them
Turkey has lobbied hard against the “genocide” label, arguing that
300,000 Armenians and as many Turks were killed in civil strife
in the final years of the Ottoman Empire when the Armenians rose
up for independence in eastern Anatolia and sided with invading