The need for mobilization policy

The need for mobilization policy
By Eduard Harutiunian

14 May 04

According to a common position, it is only the authorities that
are accountable before the country and the society. No doubt, the
authorities’ main role is to ensure internal and external security
of the country.

But because the authorities are formed from among the political force,
any political party has its own part of responsibility.

Political parties’ activities are completely tied with national
security issues. The parties’ responsibility is essential in internal
political developments, too.

After all, these organizations are interim links between the public
and the authorities, and they present socio-economic and political
demands of the public to the authorities. It is not natural that
political organizations, criticizing the authorities, have little
credibility. When people do not accept and trust both the authorities
and the political parties, it means that they deny any form of
political organization of the nation.

There is a dominant perception in the political life of Armenia, for
example, that unlike the government, the activities of a political
party is private and should not be a subject of state or public
control and criticism.

In a political system, the authorities have the same role as the money
in economy. Both have powerful capacities of state-building and in a
civil society, they first of all serve the national structure of the
statehood. Devaluation of the both may have devastating impact on a
country’s socio-economic, spiritual and political lives.

In a transitional society, people are disappointed first of all of
internal indefiniteness and unnecessary exploitation of national
super-issues. From this point of view, in Armenia, for example,
resolution of current problems is even harder because of the unsolved
problems left from the initial period of the transitional period.

This is why Armenia is in the zone of “military-political quakes.” Only
a social system that has reliable qualifications for internal security
can best overcome external threats. History of transitional nations
shows that on the way to open societies, the mobilization policy
should be used as an interim means.

Such policy is crucial when a society finds itself in a crisis,
and social and political tensions run high. In these conditions, the
need to mobilize all external and internal resources, emerges. The
model of state and political mobilization is a policy that enables
to reach a higher immunity of the society through the least expenses
but single-minded efforts.

This is especially true for transitional nations because their
immunity for economic crisis is low because they are not adapted for
market economy. Having no large resources, time and capacities to
establish competent economies, it is necessary to establish functional
definiteness inside the system, well-organized national life and a
determination of discreet conditions for everybody.

The internal conditions of the survival of the Armenian nation are
already crossing the threatening line. To correct the situation, it
is necessary to centralize the government, create a just distribution
system, tough control and clarification of the political field. Of
course, these are not components of a market economy. But the
mobilization policy is the only way to bring the state and national
systems out of the current difficult conditions.