How France Defines Terrorism

How France Defines Terrorism
March 21, 2004

by Bruce Walker

Dominique de Villepin, Foreign Minister of Vichy French, after
President Bush reminded the world that Iraq was much happier without
Saddam Hussein, sniped that there was more terrorism in Iraq now than
before the war of liberation.

The problem, of course, is how Villepin and the government of Vichy
France defines “terrorism.”

Nations, according to the Vichy mentality, cannot break laws or commit
terrorism. This thinking allowed Vichy France to collaborate without
remorse in the Holocaust. Hitler had a regime that was scrupulously
legalistic in many ways.

As one example, in the first election after the Enabling Act, the
National Socialist German Workers Party did not win a majority of
seats in the Reichstag.

Nazis did terrible deeds which violated established international law
or German criminal law but the truly ghastly crimes of Nazism were
committed in violation of moral law, not specific prohibitions of
national or international law.

Indeed, perhaps the most grim fact to concede in prosecutions made for
the Holocaust was that no similar prosecutions were made for the
identical crime of the Armenian Holocaust twenty-five years earlier.

France, pointedly, was the greatest land power in Europe after the
Great War.

It had the military power to punish Turkey for the systematic
extermination of 1.5 million Armenian Christians in the First
Holocaust. The legalistic statism of Vichy thinking refused to condemn
the torture, murder and outraging of the Armenians.

When Arnold Wegner, who from Christian conscience recorded in
photographs the First Holocaust, begged Hitler not to do to Jews what
Turks had done to Armenians, Hitler’s famous response was “Who, today,
thinks of the Armenians?” The official predecessors of Villepin did
not think of the Armenians in 1919.

There were no Nuremberg Trials for the First Holocaust.

If we consider democidal campaigns of monsters who lead governments,
then what sort of terrorism has occurred by these heads of political
parties, governments or ideologies? Evil governments unmolested by
external champions of goodness have been the primary terrorists of the
Twentieth Century.

Communism in peacetime – not in war or in civil war – murdered almost
100 million people who lived within its noxious realm in the last
century. That exceeds all the victims of wars and of other holocausts
and democides combined.

About 20 million people were murdered by odious regimes like Hitler
and Hussein.

This compares with 29 million people murdered in wars, excluding civil

Almost 6 million people, the equivalent of the Holocaust’s Jewish
victims, died in civil wars which, by definition, is a war to
determine who is the government of a region.

When murder by a government against its subjects is considered
“terrorism” then does Iraq have more terrorism or less terrorism after
Operation Iraqi Freedom? There is much less terrorism, if we reject
the Vichy French notionthat families gassed at Auschwitz are not
victims of terrorism while German soldiers strafed by P-47
Thunderbolts in the campaign to liberate France were victims of

Saddam Hussein killed in so many different ways that it is difficult
to fully grasp the extent of his murders. Some mass graves contain
tens of thousands of dead men, women and children. Some of these Babi
Yar sites – referring to one of the most infamous field exterminations
of innocent Jews by Nazis in the Soviet Union – were known to us
beforehand and some were not.

The gassing of Kurds, the wholesale destruction of Shia, and the
decimation of the Baathist Party itself produce mind-boggling
numbers. Based upon whatwe know now but did not know before Operation
Iraqi Freedom, a very conservative estimate would be that the
terrorism of Saddam Hussein and his Baathist butchers murdered at
least five hundred people each day.

That excludes factors that might well be considered simple murder. The
aggressive war against Iran claimed hundreds of thousands of Iraqi
lives asdid the invasion of Kuwait. The misuse of the “Oil for Food”
program appears likelyto have claimed another hundred thousand or so
Iraqi children. But let us forget this dead and consider only those
who are victims of the Baathist Holocaust.

More people were murdered each day by the Baathist Party in Bagdad
than on the worst day of killing since Operation Iraqi Freedom began,
and that includes the combat deaths of Baathist Party supporters and
of innocent Iraqis. The terrorism of monstrous governments like the
Baathist Party, the Communist Party and the Nazi Party are modern

Organized democide, whether at Tikrit, Trezibond or Treblinka, dwarfs
what pikers like bin Ladin can accomplish. Perhaps Vichy Foreign
Minister Villepin cannot see this because he comes from the nation
whose revolutionary government gave humanity “The Terror” and which
inspired Lenin, Hitler and Mao to match the French bloodbath of
terrorist government. This worst sort of terrorism is precisely what
collaborators like Villepin never see – and never wish to see.

Bruce Walker

Bruce Walker writes regular, orginal, weekly columns for Enter Stage
Right and Conservative Truth. His articles have also appeared in a
variety of print and electronic periodicals, including Christian
Science Monitor, Oklahoma Bar Journal, Law and Order, Legal Secretary
Today, and The Docket. Bruce also wrote a regular column for several
years entitled “Law and You” for The Single Parent, the national
journal of Parents Without Partners. His professional career includes
five years as Executive Director of the Oklahoma District Attorneys
Association, three years as Administrator of the Oklahoma Child
Support Enforcement Program, and six years as Managing Attorney of the
Tulsa Child Support Office.

Syrian Arabs fear Iraqi Kurd scenario

Al-Jazeera, Qatar
March 19 2004

Syrian Arabs fear Iraqi Kurd scenario

Friday 19 March 2004, 22:59 Makka Time, 19:59 GMT

Syrian Qamishli has been the home for Arab and Kurd Syrians

The unprecedented clashes between Syrian Kurds and police last week
have led Syrian Arabs to question whether Kurds in the region are
determined to follow the path of their Iraqi peers.

Syrian Arabs are accusing some Kurd countrymen of trying to give the
United States a pretext to intervene in Syria like it has done in
neighbouring Iraq.

Arabs on the streets of some Syrian cities voiced anger and dismay at
recent violence in the north of the country, saying on Friday they
believed Kurds were trying to stir up trouble.

Unacceptable statement

They also condemned statements by some Kurdish politicians seeking

“They are trying to drag the country into a war with the Americans now
after they toppled (Iraq’s) Saddam Hussein,” said Jamal, who works at
a bakery in the northern town of Aleppo, scene of bloody clashes
between Kurds and police this week.

“The Kurds are trying to portray Syria’s (government) as if it is
another Saddam… I don’t think they are mistreated. They are like any
one of us living here.”

Syrian Kurds, who number some two million out of Syria’s 17.6 million
people, want their rights to be preserved in Syria.

Kurds and police clashed in northern Syrian cities a week ago after a
soccer match brawl in a stadium in Qamishli, near the Turkish border.
About 30 people were killed and public buildings were damaged in the


Human rights activists, who have defended Kurds’ calls for preserving
their identity through Kurdish-language schools and supported
citizenship demands by stateless Kurds, say the riots abused the right
to peaceful protest.

Kurds are thought to number
20 to 25 million in the Middle East

Activist Ammar Kurabi said some people who had been campaigning to
improve the lot of Kurds felt let down.

“We as opposition felt as if the Kurds deceived us. They say one thing
to us about the national unity and Syria being a home for all but
later we see them acting differently,” Kurabi said.

“At first I used to blame the authorities because they dealt with the
situation in a wrong way, but… the Kurds should not have allowed the
situation to reach this stage.”

Kurabi said violent incidents gave the United States a pretext to
“intervene in our country”.

Varying demands

Syria and Turkey have opposed any moves to strengthen Kurdish autonomy
in northern Iraq, fearing it could ignite separatist aspirations among
their own Kurdish minorities.

But Syrian Kurd demands are varied — some say they want equal rights
with fellow Syrians; a few demand statehood and others say about
200,000 stateless Kurds should be given Syrian citizenship.

“We are the sons of this country,” said Rachid Shabban of the Kurdish
Democratic Union Party in Syria, adding that “unjust” state policies
made some Kurds bitter.

“There are some people in this state that are not reading the facts
right. The world is changing and the region is changing, so the Syrian
state has to change. They have to accept others’ rights.

“We don’t want a whole change, but at least as Kurds we want to be
equal,” he said.

“They want a state? They can have this,” said Abou Salim, 70, making
an insulting gesture. “I was a civil servant for 40 years and I never
asked anyone if he was a Kurd….”

“Kurds have rights and they want them. Fair enough, everyone can ask
for more rights, but not make war for (them) and destroy the country,”
said Umm Ammar, a housewife.

More rights

Salam Alou, a Kurd in Aleppo, probably echoed the sentiments of most
Kurds when he said he wanted more rights, not a separate state.

“Syria is our land and home, but the authorities do not listen to us
or others,” he said.

Syria, an east Mediterranean state with an Arab majority, has a wide
ranging ethnic and religious mix that includes Kurds, Circassians,
Assyrians, Armenians, Muslims, Christians and Jews.

“During my military service I had Kurdish mates. We used to eat from
the same bowl and sing together at night,” said Farouq, a taxi driver,
visibly angry at the violence in the north.

“Last month I went to the wedding of one of them and I drove him and
his bride to their house in this car,” he said, banging on the
steering wheel of his yellow cab.

The crisis started last week after tensions between Arab and Kurdish
football spectators, developed into clashes. A Kurdish mob provoked
Syrian nationals when they burnt the Syrian flag and raised the
American one.

CENN: Cross-Border Media Project Evaluation Announcement

Caucasus Environmental NGO Network (CENN)
Tel: ++995 32 92 39 46
Fax: ++995 32 92 39 47
E-mail: [email protected]

Cross-Border Media Project Evaluation Announcement

The Eurasia Foundation, a privately managed grant-making organization
funded primarily by the United States Agency for International
Development, seeks an evaluation consultant to conduct a cluster
evaluation of 7 cross-border independent media projects awarded by its
South Caucasus Cooperation Program (SCCP) from 1999-2003. The evaluation
study is scheduled to be conducted by May 14, 2004 with the final report
submitted no later than May 31, 2004.

SCCP seeks to identify and analyze results and impact of the 7
cross-border media projects (19 individual grants) and to explore the
results of these projects. The goals of the study are to identify
additional program areas to improve or expand SCCP’s cross-border
independent media work and identify the niche or role that SCCP is most
suited to fill in the context of other cross-border media initiatives in
the South Caucasus region.

The ideal evaluator will have experience in the field of cross-border
mass media, preferably in similar transition and conflicted societies.
The ideal evaluator will also have experience in evaluating media
projects using both quantitative and qualitative methods. Russian
language skills would be very helpful.

Request for Bids
The Eurasia Foundation seeks bids from individuals or organizations to
conduct this evaluation. After receiving the detailed Scope of Work from
the Foundation, applicants will submit a brief proposal that includes a
detailed description of the evaluator’s qualifications and proposed
evaluation methodology. In addition, the applicant will submit a budget
that should include the following:
1. Fixed compensation rate for the project;
2. Travel costs between the evaluator’s home city and Tbilisi; and
3. All local travel costs, including transport, lodging and meal

All expenses must comply with the Eurasia Foundation’s cost and travel

The deadline for applications is March 22, 2004. Primary criteria for
selection will be professional qualifications, quality of the proposed
evaluation methodology and cost-effectiveness. The Eurasia Foundation
expects to notify the successful applicant of its decision by March 29,

Applicants should contact the Eurasia Foundation to receive a copy of
the detailed Scope of Work for the evaluation. Applicants may request an
electronic copy of the Scope of Work by contacting Ms. Lisa Butenhoff
([email protected]) or visiting the Foundation’s offices in Baku,
Tbilisi or Yerevan. The office addresses are listed below. Applications
should be sent by 6:00 pm on March 22, 2004 to Ms. Lisa Butenhoff at the
email address above.
Eurasia Foundation Office Addresses in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia

The Eurasia Foundation
4 Demirchyan Street
Yerevan 375019, Armenia

The Eurasia Foundation
67 Fizuli Street, 5th Floor
Baku 370014, Azerbaijan

The Eurasia Foundation
3 Kavsadze Street
Tbilisi 0179, Georgia

Purim Celebrated Across the Former Soviet Union

The Federation of Jewish Communities of the CIS (FJC), Russia
March 8 2004

Purim Celebrated Across the Former Soviet Union

On March 7th and 8th, Jews from 420 communities throughout the Former
Soviet Union, members of the Federation of Jewish Communities,
celebrated Purim.

The FJC and its member communities distributed over 200,000
‘Mishloach Manot’ gift packages throughout the CIS and Baltic States.

In fulfillment of a Purim mitzvah of helping those in need, the FJC
provided food packages and other assistance to more than 100,000
needy people. Volunteers from many Jewish communities are also
tending to the needs of homebound and disabled Jews for the holiday.

Thanks to the Rohr Family Foundation and the Ohr Avner Foundation,
more than 150,000 Jews attended ‘Megilat Esther’ readings and Purim
celebrations, involving more than 13,000 children from the Ohr Avner
Chabad school network.

This year, many Jewish communities and individuals celebrated Purim
for the first time. Yet other elderly members of the Jewish
community, still able to recall such celebrations from their
childhood, witnessed the revival of the Purim holiday in their

Many communities that don’t have a permanent rabbi celebrated Purim
with guidance from visiting Yeshiva students from Russia, Ukraine and
the USA. Students of the Tomchei Tmimim Yeshiva in Rostov-on-Don were
particularly active, visiting communities in both Ukraine and Russia.

The following is an overview of community events held for Purim-5764:

Jews in MOSCOW, Russia, enjoyed Purim at the Jewish Community Center
at Marina Roscha. After words from Chief Rabbi of Russia Berel Lazar,
participants were treated to a variety show, a youth party featuring
popular rock group, a fashion show and an art exhibition.

The Sunday School of VLADIKAVKAZ, Russia, held a joint event with one
of the state schools, where Jewish children told children of other
ethnic groups and religions about Purim and Jewish traditions and
then held a Purimspiel and concert for them.

Despite an avalanche, over 40 Jewish youth from IZHEVSK, Russia,
turned up for the Purim carnival and discoteque.

200 guests gathered in a local cafe for a kosher Purim feast in
RYAZAN, Russia. Over 20 women participated in the ‘Esther the
Beautiful” contest. Though only one girl won, all participants walked
away with a prize.

In BARNAUL, Russia, the Jewish community held a Purimspiel at the
puppet theater.

Over 200 people gathered in KEMEROVO, Russia, to hear
recently-arrived Rabbi Dovid de Bresser read from ‘Megilat Esther’.

Jews of KOSTROMA, Russia, enjoyed the Sholom Aleichem play “Bloody
Joke”, staged by the Kostroma Chamber Drama Theater. The performance
included traditional Jewish songs and original music, as well as
wonderful dances.

Purim events at Ohr Avner Chabad Elementary and High Schools in
NOVOSIBIRSK, Russia, culminated in a firework display.

In KHABAROVSK, Russia, the ‘Mizrach’ community celebrated a Youth
Purimspiel for the first time in Russia’s Far East region. Jewish
youth enjoyed music and dancing all evening, with an interweaving of
Jewish modern, classical, and Chassidic music. The Women’s Club also
celebrated, with a turnout of over 110 people. Participants enjoyed
Jewish melodies, sweets, and a fashion show.

A Purim celebration took place in brand new Jewish Community Center

About 4000 people in KHARKOV, Ukraine, turned out for Purimspiel
performances at the local circus. Due to extra demand, there were two
separate celebrations, involving two separate concerts and readings
from ‘Megilat Esther’.

In CHERNOVTSIY, Ukraine, over 200 people gathered for a Purimspiel. A
lottery was held and Jewish books were given as prizes.

Youth in MINSK, Belarus initiated this year’s Purim events by
bringing gifts and holiday greetings to the sick, elderly and
underprivileged children. On Sunday, over 500 people gathered at the
‘Profsoyuz’ Cultural Center to celebrate Purim.

The Purim concert in VILNIUS, Lithuania featured a concert by the
Jerusalem Boys’ Choir.

Over 100 people in YEREVAN, Armenia gathering in a restaurant for a
meal and performance – in Hebrew and Yiddish – by the children’s
vocal group ‘Keshet’ (Raduga). The Sunday School held a Purimspiel
with a concert, contests, lottery, high-profile guests and gifts.

More than 60 children from the Jewish Kindergarten of TBILISI,
Georgia celebrated Purim. The children impressed guests with songs in
Hebrew, Yiddish, Georgian, Russian and English. Israeli Ambassador to
Georgia Rivka Cohen presented the children ‘Mishloach Manot’.

Jews of TASHKENT, Uzbekistan celebrated Purim at the ‘Alladin’
Theater. Following words by Chief Rabbi of Uzbekistan David Gurevich,
children from the Jewish school put on a performance. The Women’s
Club celebrated Purim with a traditional tea ceremony.

The Jewish Community of BAKU, Azerbaijan held a ‘Megilat Esther’
reading with contests and candies, a dinner and a concert. The Jewish
community of Azerbaijan also received congratulations from both
Muslim and Russian Orthodox leaders.

The Jewish children in ALMATY, Kazakhstan performed a Purimspiel in
four different languages for members of the Jewish community.

ANKARA: Roth: Resolution of Cyprus Question important for Turkey

Anadolu Agency
March 10 2004

Roth: Resolution of Cyprus Question is very important for Turkey

BERLIN – Claudia Roth, the chairwoman of the German government`s
human rights board and the Turkish-German Parliamentary Friendship
Group, has said that resolution of the Cyprus question was very
important for Turkey.

Roth had a meeting on Tuesday in Berlin with Parliamentary Commission
for Adjustment Into European Union (EU) members headed by former
Foreign Minister Yasar Yakis.

Speaking at the meeting, Roth said that end of human rights
violations and removal of regional economic differences were
important for Turkey`s EU membership.

Although it was not among the Copenhagen criteria, resolution of the
Cyprus question was very important and if it was not resolved, Turkey
would have difficulties because those who were against Turkey`s
membership might show it as a pretext, she said.

Noting that she completely supported the German government`s attitude
toward opening of membership negotiations with Turkey in case of
fulfillment of the Copenhagen criteria, Roth said that also German
Foreign Minister Joschka Fischer believed that Turkey might play a
key role in securing peace and fight against terrorism.

Stressing that as the Green Party, they attributed great importance
especially to human rights, Roth said that she would have meetings in
Ankara, Diyarbakir, Mardin and Istanbul during her one-week visit to
Turkey in May.

Recalling that the Turkish press had harshly criticized her during
some periods, Roth said that criticism did not mean you were always
against something and her party believed in principle of equality
while other parties had concerns whether a Muslim country could
change them. Noting that there had been lobbying efforts in the
German assembly to bring so-called Armenian genocide onto the agenda,
Roth said she could not know how much those efforts would be
effective but Armenian issue might come to the agenda of the

Defending that release of Leyla Zana would be positive for Turkey,
Roth added that Zana was well-known in international area.

Gazprom following Kremlin’s instructions

Russia Journal, Russia
March 11 2004

Gazprom following Kremlin’s instructions

MOSCOW – Gazprom CEO Alexei Miller has received instructions from his
friends in the Kremlin and has acted accordingly. This appears to be
the only plausible explanation for the steps taken by the Russian gas
giant this week.

Sibur, Gazprom’s largest petrochemical concern, on Wednesday inked a
deal with Beltransgas, the Belarussian state pipeline company, to
supply gas to Belarus. In line with the agreement Sibur will ship 1
billion cubic metres of gas to Belarus by the end of this year,
including 200 million cubic metres to be delivered in March. However,
the volume of 200 million cubic metres is unlikely to cover Minsk’s
monthly demand.

Gazprom holds a 90 per cent stake in Sibur, the Siberian-Urals
petrochemical company. Sibur runs Gazprom’s petrochemical plants in
the Volga region, the Urals and Siberia.

Gazprom halted supplies of its own gas to Belarus on 1 January 2004
amid a dispute over prices. The gas concern insists Belarus should
pay for Russian gas at international prices. On 18 February this year
Gazprom stopped gas deliveries to Minsk altogether and also halted
transit shipments to Europe via Belarus. The company said it wanted
to raise the price Belarus pays by 56 per cent to $50 per 1,000 cubic
metres and to receive payment for gas already supplied. In the
meantime, Belarus is receiving Russian gas from Russian suppliers
Trans Nafta and Itera.

Another 230 million cubic metres will be delivered to Belarus in
March by Trans Nafta, Russian media reports said on Thursday.
According to Gazprom’s press-service, the gas concern will only
provide the transit pipeline.

A Sibur official optimistically said that the price at which gas will
be supplied to Belarus is comparable to that of Nafta. However,
Belarus still has not repaid its debt to Trans Nafta for the volumes
already supplied in 2004.

The decision to supply gas via Sibur seems strange. The company has
never been involved in gas deliveries before. Moreover, unlike Itera,
a company formally independent of Gazprom, Sibur is fully controlled
by the concern.

Gazprom has also voiced its intention to halve its gas supplies to
Georgia as of 15 March 2004 because of debts owed by Tbilisi to
Gazexport, Gazprom’s export subsidiary. According to Gazexport,
Tbilisi’s debt now stands at $7.4 million. Russia also supplies gas
via Georgian territory to Armenia, where there are also problems with

Gazprom has been supplying gas to Georgia since 1 October 2003 via
Gazexport. Before that Itera was the sole supplier of Russian gas to
Georgia. Last year Gazprom also began to deliver gas to Azerbaijan.

Alexandra Vertlyugina, an analyst with AVK, believes it is possible
to assume that following Gazprom CEO Alexei Miller’s meeting with the
country’s top leadership Gazprom was given certain political
instructions concerning Belarus and the Transcaucasian countries,
through which the Baku-Ceyhan oil pipeline runs – an alternative
route to Russian pipelines – and began to incorporate them in the
company’s economic policy.

Eastern Prelacy: Crossroads E-Newsletter 03/11/04

Eastern Prelacy of the Armenian Apostolic Church of America
138 East 39th Street
New York, NY 10016
Tel: 212-689-7810
Fax: 212-689-7168
e-mail: [email protected]
Contact: Iris Papazian

March 11, 2004

The much awaited exhibit Byzantium: Power and Faith, (1261-1557), will
open to the public on March 23 at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York
City. It will remain on view through July 4, 2004. The exhibit includes some
Armenian artifacts from that era-which is the Cilician period-that have been
loaned to the museum by the Catholicate of Cilicia in Antelias, Lebanon.
Included in the exhibit are two manuscripts, one of which is the famous
Gospel of Partserpert, and the reliquary of the right hand of St. Nicholas.
Archbishop Oshagan will attend a special preview opening and dinner on
Monday evening, March 15, in the presence of His All-Holiness Bartholomew,
Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome, and Ecumenical Patriarch.
This exhibit, which is the museum’s third major exhibition on Byzantium,
brings together some 350 masterpieces from churches, monasteries and museums
around the world to demonstrate the great flowering of art and culture
within the Byzantine Empire and among its East Christian rivals during the
Empire’s last centuries. Included are icons, textiles, metalwork, and
manuscripts made primarily for the Orthodox Church and other East Christian
peoples as well as paintings, manuscripts, and metalwork of the Latin West
and the Islamic world.

The third Lenten Lecture, delivered by V. Rev. Fr. Muron Aznikian,
pastor of St. Illuminator’s Cathedral, last night continued to explore the
general theme of the Family.
Rev. Fr. Muron focused on the family as a school of religious formation.
Using biblical references from both the Old and New Testaments, Hayr Sourp
described the characteristics of a family and especially the Christian
family. He described how religious education can be transmitted within a
positive environment in a family. He also spoke about the difficult teen-age
years with the many negative influences in society.
A question and answer period followed the lecture. A time of fellowship
was enjoyed by all of the attendees as discussions continued over a
satisfying Lenten meal prepared by the Prelacy Ladies Guild.
The Lenten Lectures are sponsored by the Armenian Religious Education
Council and the Prelacy Ladies Guild.

Rev. Fr. Khatchadour Boghossian, pastor of Sts. Vartanantz Church,
Ridgefield, New Jersey, will present the fourth lecture of the Lenten
Lecture series next Wednesday, March 17. Der Khatchadour will speak about
the Family as a Small Church.
The lectures take place at St. Illuminators Cathedral, 221 E. 27th
Street, New York City. Lenten service begins at 7:30 p.m. in the Sanctuary,
followed by the lecture and fellowship in Pashalian Hall. All are welcome.

A seminar devoted to Badarak: Supreme Expression of our Communal
Spirituality will take place Saturday, March 13, at St. Gregory the
Illuminator Church, Granite City, Illinois. Deacon Shant Kazanjian, Director
of the Armenian Religious Education Council (AREC), will lead the daylong

The Bible Studies group that meets at the Prelacy every 1st and 3rd
Mondays of the month will discuss the Mel Gibson movie, The Passion of the
Christ, on March 22, 7:15 to 8:45 p.m. Deacon Shant Kazanjian leads the
discussions. The group plans to see the movie this Monday, March 15, in New
York City. For more information contact Deacon Shant, 212-689-7810.

We have come to the fourth Sunday of Lent, which is the Sunday of the
Steward (Tntesi Kiraki). The reading on this day is from the Gospel of St.
Luke, chapter 16, verses 1 to 8, which relates the parable of The
Unrighteous Steward. This parable is about a shrewd rich and his steward.
The steward was one who looked out for his own personal benefit and through
his cunning arrangements made deals with those who were in debt to his
master. Jesus used this parable not to condone the behavior of the steward
but rather as an illustration of qualities that have a necessary place in
the life of true disciples. Since we are stewards of this world, we are
accountable to our Lord for the talents we have and that which has been
entrusted to us.
The Prelacy bookstore has several books on Armenian Church Feasts and on
the Lenten season leading to the Great Week. Visit the Prelacy web site,
for these and other books, or contact the
bookstore at 212-689-7810.

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newsletter please send their names and e-mail addresses to
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