Azerbaijan troops deployed in Armenia`s territory, open fire at Armenian settlements – Arman Tatoyan

ARMINFO
Armenia –
Alina Hovhannisyan

ArmInfo.The Azerbaijani side opened fire in the direction of Gegharkunik from the positions it occupied in Armenia's sovereign territory a year ago, Armenia's  former Human Rights Defender Arman Tatoyan wrote on his Facebook  page. 

The shots officially confirmed by the Armenian side were fired from a  section bordering the village of Norabak. One serviceman was wounded.  A few days earlier, the Azerbaijani side opened fire at the territory  near the village of Verin Shorzha.  

"Since the Azerbaijani armed forces are illegally deployed in the  territory neighboring the Gegharkunik province, with its pastures and  arable lands owned by the local residents, the aggressive fire poses  a real threat to people's life and health," Mr Tatoyan wrote.  

Azerbaijan's authorities are responsible for the Azerbaijani troops'  criminal violations and ongoing aggression against civilians. 

On May 12 and 13, 2021, Azerbaijani troops made incursions in  Armenia's territory in Syunik and Gegharkunik and moved 3.5km and 2km  respectively into Armenia's territory. They stationed their units and  refuse to leave. Armenia applied to the Collective Security Treaty  Organization (CSTO), but the problem has since remained unsolved.  

First group of soldiers wounded during 44-day war to visit Jerusalem

ARMINFO
Armenia –

ArmInfo.The RA NA Standing Committees on Defense  and Security and on Health Care and Social Affairs, together with the  Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem and the "Soldier's House"  rehabilitation center, have developed a charity program, within which  on May 26, six servicemen wounded during the 44-day war will visit  Jerusalem as pilgrims. This was reported by the press service of the  Parliament.

According to the head of the Defense and Security Committee  Andranik  Kocharyan, cooperation between the Patriarchate and the Committee   will strengthen the spirit of soldiers seriously wounded during the  war, revive their faith and restore confidence in the future. This  will also pave the way for the realization of the spiritual goals of  our people to unite the three pillars of the Armenian Church: the  Mother See, the Patriarchate of Jerusalem and the Armenian  Patriarchate of Constantinople.

Chair of the NA Standing Committee on Health Care and Social Affairs  Narek Zeynalyan, emphasizing the importance of the idea of  pilgrimage, the acquisition of spiritual values in Jerusalem, said  that the program will be continuous.

Armenian Spring Festival Takes Place Saturday, June 4, in Haverhill


Haverhill –

Hye Pointe Armenian Church is planning its Armenian Spring Festival.

The annual festival features finger foods; Armenian dinners of lamb, chicken and beef served with pilaf, salad and bread; Armenian desserts; and hot dogs and chips for children. There will also be children’s activities.

The event takes place Saturday June 4, from noon-6 p.m., at Hye Pointe Armenian Church, 1280 Boston Road, Haverhill.

Meal dine-in and take-out options are available, but the online ordering deadline is Wednesday, June 1. The order form is here.

Those wishing more information may visit HyePointeArmenianChurch.org or call the Church office at 978-372-9227.

Parliament debates introducing One-Window services at border crossing points

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YEREVAN, MAY 24, ARMENPRESS. Parliament debated the government-authored bill on introducing the “One Window” principle in border crossing points.

If adopted, border control at the border crossing points will be implemented only by 2 government agencies instead of the currently active 4 – the National Security Service Border Guards and the Customs Bodies.

The functions carried out by the previously active agencies will be assumed by the NSS and the Customs Bodies accordingly.

The government says the bill is aimed at simplifying and facilitating the processes for businesses.

Businessmen will approach a single window at the border crossing point.

Armenia, Iran discuss new gas-for-electricity deal

Public Radio of Armenia
May 17 2022

The Minister of Territorial Administration and Infrastructure of the Republic of Armenia Gnel Sanosyan met with the Minister of Oil of the Islamic Republic of Iran Javad Owji within the framework of his working visit to the Islamic Republic of Iran.

During the meeting, the new agreement on the gas-for-electricity program was discussed. Minister Sanosyan submitted proposals related to the renewal of the contract. The agreement will be signed when the agreement is finalized, and the answers of the Iranian side to the submitted proposals are ready.

Issues related to oil refining, bitumen and its price were discussed.

The Minister noted that active road construction works are underway in Armenia, but the changes related to the price of bitumen have caused certain difficulties. The Minister noted that it would be desirable for bitumen to be delivered to Armenia at a more affordable price.

Other issues of mutual interest were discussed. The parties assessed the meeting as positive and constructive.

Sidney: SBS Armenian Radio interview with Haig Kayserian on Australian Election Week

My 17 2022

SYDNEY: SBS Armenian Radio's Vahe Kateb has interviewed the Executive Director of the Armenian National Committee of Australia (ANC-AU), Haig Kayserian to preview this Saturday's () Federal Election from Armenian-Australian lenses.

The two discuss the current stance of major and minor parties ahead of the polls, as well as the requests for action put forth by the ANC-AU to the candidates in Armenian-populated seats across Australia.

The ANC-AU will be releasing its pre-election report cards, featuring where each key candidate stands in seats where the votes of Armenian-Australians, Assyrian-Australians and Greek-Australians could hold sway.

Listen to the interview by clicking here.


http://www.anc.org.au/news/Media-Releases/LISTEN–SBS-Armenian-Radio-Interview-with-Haig-Kayserian-on-Australian-Election-Week

Families of fallen soldiers hold protest in Yerevan

Panorama
Armenia – May 17 2022

LAW 14:18 17/05/2022 ARMENIA

The parents and other relatives of Armenian soldiers killed in the 44-day war in Artsakh, who demand criminal charges against Nikol Pashinyan over his handling of the war, staged a protest in Yerevan on Tuesday, blocking the street near the Court of Appeals.

They claim that Pashinyan publicly admitted deliberately sacrificing thousands in his remarks in the parliament on April 13, when he said the war “could have been averted, as a result of which we would have had the same situation, but of course without the casualties.” They submitted a “crime report” to the Prosecutor General’s Office on April 18.

A court hearing on the case was scheduled for Tuesday, but it was postponed to Thursday because prosecutor Arshak Martirosyan did not appear in court.

"During the court hearing, we did not get proper answers. It was postponed since the judge was to hear a motion for arrest in another case set for 11am. Thus, we left the courtroom and blocked the road so that they would come and answer our questions now," Anahit Manasyan, the relative of fallen soldier Hayk Melikyan, told reporters.

The soldier’s mother, Naira Melikyan, said the previous hearing was also delayed, deploring the conduct of the Prosecutor's Office and the court.

"Mr. Davtyan, we urge you to wake up,” she said, addressing Armenia’s chief prosecutor, who is currently in Egypt.

The protesters refused to unblock the street until the prosecutor arrived.

The reaction was not encouraging: Pashinyan criticized the inaction of the CSTO during the war in Karabakh

The Saxon
May 17 2022




During his speech, the Armenian prime minister recalled that at one time the member countries of the organization not only refused to defend their ally in organizations, but also sold weapons to Azerbaijan.

Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan criticized the allies in the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) for reacting to the 2020 war in Karabakh and selling weapons to Azerbaijan by some members of the bloc. The head of the Armenian government made a corresponding statement at the summit of the leaders of the CSTO member countries on Monday, May 16.

Pashinyan pointed out that “there are a lot of positive things in the history of the CSTO” and the organization “was, is and will be the most important factor” in ensuring security in the region. At the same time, the Prime Minister noted that the reaction of the CSTO member countries to the war in Karabakh in 2020 was not what Armenia expected.

“… Azerbaijani troops invaded the sovereign territory of Armenia. Armenia turned to the CSTO to activate the mechanisms that are intended in the provision of the CSTO response procedure to crisis situations of December 10, 2010, which was approved by the Collective Security Council. Unfortunately, we cannot say that the organization reacted as expected by the Republic of Armenia,” the prime minister said.

“As a result, these weapons were used against Armenia and against the Armenian people. And this is also a problem. To be honest, the reaction of the CSTO member countries during the 44-day war of 2020 and after the war did not make the Republic of Armenia and the Armenian people in general very happy,” Pashinyan stressed.

The Prime Minister of Armenia also assured that the government continues to adhere to the ceasefire agreements in Karabakh, and expressed gratitude to Russian President Vladimir Putin for his assistance in concluding such agreements.

“We have a positive attitude in order to fully support the organization and its further development,” Pashinyan added.

It should be noted that on May 16, the leaders of the CSTO member countries – the Russian Federation, Belarus, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan – met today in Moscow at a summit dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the organization. During a public meeting, Russian President Putin, in particular, stated that NATO expansion in Sweden and Finland does not pose a threat to Russia, and also repeated the thesis about “Nazis” in Ukraine.

In the fall of 2020, the armed conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan resumed in Karabakh, which lasted from September 27 to November 10. During the war, Russian President Vladimir Putin acknowledged that Moscow has obligations to Yerevan within the framework of the CSTO, but noted that “combat operations are not being conducted on the territory of Armenia.” On the morning of October 31, Pashinyan sent a letter to Putin and asked him for support in connection with the war. In response to this, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation also indicated that support would be sent when hostilities begin directly on the territory of Armenia.

Already on the night of November 10, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev and the head of the Armenian government Pashinyan, through the mediation Putin signed an agreement according to which the Armenian side transferred the territories of the Agdam, Kalbajar, Lachin and part of the Gazakh regions of Karabakh to the control of the Azerbaijani troops.

Since then, clashes between the Azerbaijani and Armenian military have been taking place in the region from time to time, provoking which the parties accuse each other.

Lawyer: Armenian police beat and insult minors

News.am
Armenia – May 18 2022

During a peaceful protest in the subway, underage children were apprehended, against whom 3-4 police officers voiced sexual insults, the children were not given the opportunity to call a lawyer or parents, and their phones were taken away, lawyer Sergey Harutyunyan told Armenian News-NEWS.am on Wednesday.

He added that minors in the police station were severely beaten, law enforcement officers kicked them.

“We will present a crime report. I don’t know if there were such impudent cases in the history of independent Armenia that underage citizens of 15 and 17 years old were severely beaten just for holding peaceful actions,” Harutyunyan said.

Turkish press: Analysis – Turkiye and Kazakhstan: Partners in a multipolar world

Dmitry V. Shlapentokh   |18.05.2022

The writer is an associate professor of history at Indiana University South Bend.

ISTANBUL

President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev of Kazakhstan and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan signed a joint declaration on May 10, 2022 which aims to stipulate strengthening both military and geopolitical partnerships between the two countries.

The agreement has another implication that in the emerging multipolar world system, even medium-sized and presumably regional powers could stand against "grand states." In this particular case, Turkiye could counterbalance Russia and change Kazakhstan's geopolitical trajectory, increasing Kazakhstan's drift from Russo-centric "Eurasianism."

Kazakhstan: A drift from Eurasianism to Kazakh nationalism

Kazakhstan was the last republic to gain its independence from the USSR because comparatively, it had a strong connection with Russia. A significant ethnic Russian/Russian-speaking population, mostly living in northern Kazakhstan, was an essential reason for such a strong connection. The majority of Russians in Kazakhstan were not pleased to be reduced to a minority.

Nursultan Nazarbayev, the founder of the new state, tried to solve this problem by appealing to "Eurasianism," a doctrine that had been forged by the groups of Russian immigrants in the 1920s. They were defending the idea that the USSR belonged neither to the civilization of Eastern Slavs nor to the West. From an ethnic standpoint, Eurasianists argued that Russia constituted a unique civilization built on the "symbiosis" of Orthodox Slavs and Muslims, particularly Turkic people.

Eurasianism was unknown in the USSR but had become quite popular by the end of the Soviet era. Nazarbayev appealed to it as a convenient ideological tool. On the one hand, Eurasianism provided him with an argument for a continued relationship with Russia. In 1994, Nazarbayev even proposed the creation of a “Eurasian Union”, a loose confederation that would include Russia, Kazakhstan, and some other states. On the other hand, he employed Eurasianism in dealing with internal problems. Kazakhstan was portrayed as a peculiar "Eurasian" nation built on the "symbiosis" of Turkic Kazakhs and minorities, primarily ethnic Russian/Russian-speaking people. However, this paradigm failed, and the ideology of Eurasianism, a legacy of the multiethnic USSR, began to crumble in both Russia and Kazakhstan.

From Eurasianism to Russian nationalism

Eurasianism was hardly the only ideology popular in the early post-Soviet Russia period. Russian nationalism, in its various manifestations, became an increasingly popular, complicated, and contradictory phenomenon at the time. It often combined two opposite drives. On the one hand, supporters claimed that Russia and Russians had taken advantage of the USSR's numerous "brothers," meaning the other republics. Those brothers despised Russians while demanding Russia's resources.

On the other hand, the proponents of the creed were not against Russia's imperial aggrandizement only if Russians would benefit from the conquest. Furthermore, they claimed that, like Nazi Germany, Russia should conquer the Sudetenland by seizing territories occupied by ethnic Russians. These are fair enough to define how Moscow's approach to Kazakhstan was.

Increasing Russian threat

There have been an increasing number of claims that Kazakhstan was an artificial state created by the Soviet regime. Russian President Vladimir Putin proclaimed that Kazakhstan had emerged only after the collapse of the USSR. There were also continuous claims that northern Kazakhstan should be given back to Russia. Alexander Solzhenitsyn, the famous Russian writer, public figure and Nobel laureate, made such statements even before the collapse of the USSR. The most recent of these statements is attributed to Viacheslav Nikonov, a Duma deputy. All of these gave Kazakhstan's leaders pause.

Eurasianism as a trend has subsided or at least has become more Kazakhstan-centered, paralleling a similar process in Russia. Astana's apprehension increased in 2014 when Russia annexed the predominantly Russian-speaking Crimea and supported Lugansk and Donetsk republics. The direct invasion of Ukraine started in February 2022 and led to even more concern. While engaged in "multivectorism" a long time ago, Astana has become especially eager to find an additional geopolitical backup in case of a Russian threat. Eurasianism, in its original interpretation, has started to lose its popularity and has been increasingly replaced by pan-Turkism. Consequently, Turkiye has arisen as a geopolitical alternative. The question is why Kazakhstan is becoming closer to Turkiye?

Turkiye: role of a regional power in multipolar universe

One might assume that Turkiye and Kazakhstan would make a good match due to their ethnic similarities. Both countries are Turkish, and Kazakh and Turkish leaders have pointed out common ancestral roots. Still, ethnic and cultural similarities often have little implication for actual geopolitical posture. Indeed, while Russians and Ukrainians are pretty close to each other ethnically and linguistically, this does not preclude brutal conflict. Kazakhstan may be turning its back on Turkiye for a variety of reasons. One of them is the role of the nature of emerging multipolarity.

It is usually assumed that only the great powers, such as China and Russia, could challenge the USA's vanishing "unipolarity." Even medium-sized countries can threaten a hegemon, and Turkiye, with its counterweight function exhibited in a variety of ways, could be one of them. To start with, Turkiye’s ability to become a global center is demonstrated by its successful relations with great nations, one of which is Russia. Secondly, during the Azerbaijan-Armenian war, Turkiye supported Azerbaijan against Russian support for Armenia regarding the Nagorno-Karabakh dispute. Finally, Turkiye's defense technological investments debunk the popular belief that only great powers can develop complex weapons.

By producing Bayraktar, an autonomous combat aerial vehicle, on par with similar devices created by any great power, including Russia, Turkiye has shown that this is not the case. Bayraktar played a decisive role in Azerbaijan's victory in the war with Armenia. As a result, Turkish military, technological, and geopolitical power has become the fundamental reason why Kazakhstan has sought closer ties with Turkiye and replaced Russia-oriented Eurasianism with pan-Turkism.

Conclusion

Kazakhstan's growing interest in Turkiye could not be explained solely by cultural, linguistic, or ethnic similarities between the two countries, but also by other, more significant factors. This alliance shows that a medium-sized and, presumably, regional power may act as a geopolitical center in its own right, protecting other states from global powers.

*Opinions expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Anadolu Agency.