Yerevan Accuses Baku Of Shelling Armenia’s Border Positions

The Armenian Defense Ministry has accused the Azerbaijani armed forces of shelling Armenia's combat positions located on the border between the two countrie

MOSCOW (UrduPoint News / Sputnik – 10th March, 2023) The Armenian Defense Ministry has accused the Azerbaijani armed forces of shelling Armenia's combat positions located on the border between the two countries.

"On March 9, at around 5:50 p.m. (13:50 GMT), the units of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces opened fire from different caliber firearms towards the Armenian combat positions located in the direction of (the village of) Verin Shorzha (in the Gegharkunik province)," the ministry said in a statement released on Thursday.

As a result of the shelling, Armenia suffered no losses, the department said, adding that the situation on the front line was relatively stable.

The Azerbaijani Defense Ministry denied Yerevan's accusations of shelling Armenia's border positions.

"The information spread by the Armenian side about the Azerbaijani army's alleged shelling of Armenian armed forces' positions in the direction of the village of Yukhary Shorja (in the Gegharkunik province) on March 9 does not correspond to reality.

We categorically deny this information," the ministry said in a statement.

Earlier on Thursday, the Azerbaijani Defense Ministry accused the Armenian armed forces of shelling Azerbaijani military positions on the border and in the Nagorno-Karabakh region. The Armenian military denied the allegations and called it another disinformation.

The South Caucasus is considered one of the world's most conflict-ridden regions, primarily due to the long-standing conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh region (also known as the self-proclaimed Republic of Artsakh). In September 2022, the world saw a new outbreak of hostilities between Yerevan and Baku in an area unrelated to Nagorno-Karabakh, the most serious escalation since the 2020 events. In 2022, Yerevan and Baku, mediated by Russia, the United States, and the European Union, began discussing a future peace treaty.

Creative Europe: Armenian author shortlisted for European Union Literature Prize

March 8 2023

The Armenian author Lusine Kharatyan, and her book A Syrian Affair (ՍԻՐԻԱՎԵՊ ), has made the list of 13 nominees for the European Union Prize for Literature. 

The European Union Prize for Literature recognises emerging fiction writers from the European Union and beyond since its creation in 2009. The Prize celebrates outstanding new literary talents from all 41 countries participating in the Creative Europe programme and promotes the circulation of literary works in Europe.

The 2023 EUPL Prize winner and the five special mentions will be revealed on 28 April, during the announcement ceremony at the Leipzig Book Fair.

All nominated authors will be promoted across Europe, with the aim of reaching a wider international audience that could connect with authors beyond their national and linguistic borders.

In 2022, the Georgian writer Iva Pezuashvili won the Prize for his book A Garbage Chute. The jury also gave a special mention to Ukrainian writer Eugenia Kuznetsova for her book Ask Miyechka.

The prize is organised by a consortium of associations comprising the Federation of European Publishers (FEP) and the European and International Booksellers Federation (EIBF), with the support of the European Commission.

Find out more

Press release

Baku’s attempts to manipulate the religious factor are unacceptable. Mirzoyan to the Secretary General of Arab League



 21:01, 7 March 2023

YEREVAN, MARCH 7, ARMENPRESS. On March 7, the Armenian Foreign Minister Ararat Mirzoyan met with the Secretary General of the Arab League Ahmed Aboul Gheit on March 7.

As ARMENPRESS was informed from the MFA Armenia, the interlocutors stressed that the relations between the Armenian and Arab peoples are based on centuries-old friendship and mutual respect, noting the role of Armenian communities in Arab countries.

Both sides noted with satisfaction that the Armenian presence in the countries of the Arab world is the best example of the coexistence of Christian and Muslim peoples. In this regard, Minister Mirzoyan considered unacceptable the attempts of Azerbaijan to artificially manipulate the religious factor, to disrupt the traditional grounds of Armenia's cooperation with the Arab world.

Periodic interaction and political dialogue with the Arab League and its member states were highlighted.

During the meeting, a number of issues related to regional and international security and stability were touched upon.

The Armenian FM presented to his interlocutor the regional situation resulted by Azerbaijan's aggressive actions in Nagorno Karabakh and Armenia, as well as details of the humanitarian crisis in Nagorno Karabakh as a result of the blocking of the Lachin corridor since December, 2022.

A Czech Book on the Assyrian, Greek and Armenian Genocide

March 7 2023
By Abdulmesih BarABraham

(AINA) –A scholarly book on the Turkish genocide of Assyrians, Greeks and Armenians was published in the Czech language in 2017. The book is titled Catastrophe of the Christians: the Liquidation of Armenians, Assyrians and Greeks in the Ottoman Empire in the years 1914–1923 (Katastrofa krestanu. Likvidace Arménu, Asyranu a Reku v Osmanské ríši v letech 1914–1923). The authors have comprehensively treated the historcal events that took place during the late Ottoman Empire, in a first of its kind Czech academic publication.

In 2017 the Czech Parliament passed a resolution recognizing the Armenian massacres and deportations that occured in the late Ottoman Empire as genocide. In a review of this book, Bohuslav Litera correctly argues that "this is not the whole truth," As the pages of this book "show that the Ottoman genocide of the Assyrians and the Greeks, which until recently remained in the shadow of the main attack on the Armenians."

The authors successfully approached the systematic mass killings and deportations from a holistic perspective, which are widely recognized as a "Christian Genocide" today, both within and outside scholarly circles.

The book is structured into four main sections, each divided in chapters. After a short introduction, section one (pp. 19-114) analyses the situation of the Christian minorities, Armenians, Assyrians and Greeks in the 19th century, up to 1914. The authors argue that "on the eve of World War I, the multi-ethnic and religiously diverse Ottoman Empire had a Christian population of 3.5 to 5 million." Within the sectarian structured Ottoman millet system, which included Armenians and Assyrians.

Related: The Assyrian Genocide

The historical phase and its impact on the non-muslim population based on the Tanzimat reforms, the developments during the reign of Abdulhamid II, and the Young Turk's revolution of 1908, which was followed by the restoration of the Ottoman Constitution.

With respect to Assyrians, the authors shed light on the denominational mosaic of the Assyrians in Anatolia and Persia. This takes account the western missions impact among Assyrians and the beginnings of an ethno-religious identity discourse. Persecution, expulsion and massacres of Assyrians, which the authors cover until 1914, illustrate the continuity of Assyrian suffering and long trail of the great catastrophe.

The core of the book is focused on the systematic liquidation of the Christian population between 1914-1923. A comprehensive history of the Armenian Genocide is given, starting with the establishment of the Special Organization, which managed and organized the deportations during the genocide, followed by a chronological treatment of the key events associated with the history of the Armenian genocide –e.g., Van uprising April-May 1915, liquidation of the Armenian male population, deportations — and the Law on the Deportation. The events are outlined with specific treatment vilayet by vilayet and regions even outside eastern Anatolia, such as Ankara and Aleppo. The authors address the suffering of women and children during the deportations and discuss the situation of orphans, orphanages, and humanitarian organizations coping with the survivors. This chapter concludes with contemporary world public opinion on the Armenian Genocide.

A chapter is devoted to the Assyrian genocide. The authors describe what they call "a geography of horror", massacres conducted on the Assyrian population stretching from northern Mesopotamia (Diyarbekir, Mardin, Siirt, Tur Abdin) to the Hakkari Mountains and Persian Azerbaijan (Urmia, Salmas and surroundings). The book delves into key centers of successful resistance in MidyatAjn Wardo and Azak. The chapter closes with an outline of the assassination of the Patriarch of the Assyrian Church of the East, Már Shimun Benjamin, and the situation in 1918.

The authors state in their introduction that they consider the issue of the liquidation of Christians at the end of the Ottoman Empire "as a cognitive rather than a political one." They argue that the current desperate situation of Christians in the Middle East, which can be seen to some extent as a continuation of the destruction of these ancient communities in the places where they have lived for centuries, adds relevance to the issue.

In his review, Bohuslav Litera states "It is a brilliant example of how informal collaboration of knowledgeable authors from several different fields can lead to positive results: religious scholar/ethnographer (Mgr. M. Rutil), ethnographer/historian (Dr. P. Koštálová, Ph.D.) and historian/political scientist ( Dr. P. Novák, Ph.D.). I believe that it would be good to propose the mentioned work for an award and to translate it into a foreign language. It would greatly deserve not to remain limited only to the Czech-Slovak language area."

Actions of Azerbaijani side clearly indicate the unwillingness to implement their obligations to unblock Lachin Corridor



 18:33, 3 March 2023

YEREVAN, MARCH 2, ARMENPRESS. On 2 March and on the night of 2 to 3 March, units of the Azerbaijani armed forces stationed in the occupied territories of the Askeran, Martakert and Martuni regions of the Republic of Artsakh violated the ceasefire established by the Trilateral Statement of 9 November 2020, ARMENPRESS was informed from MFA Artsakh.

"We strongly condemn the provocations of the Azerbaijani side, committed immediately after another meeting between representatives of the Republic of Artsakh and the Republic of Azerbaijan through the mediation of the Commander of the Russian Peacekeeping Contingent in Artsakh.

Against the backdrop of the discussion by the parties of humanitarian and infrastructural issues in the context of the need to immediately lift the illegal blockade of Artsakh, the actions of the Azerbaijani side clearly indicate the unwillingness to unconditionally implement their obligations to unblock the Lachin Corridor, including in accordance with the Order of the International Court of Justice.
In this regard, we consider it necessary for the international community to continue the implementation of specific measures to put pressure on Azerbaijan in order to curb its destructive actions and intentions aimed at resolving issues by force", reads the statement of the Foreign Ministry of Artsakh

Exclusive: Mexico explains decision not to join Russia sanctions



 10:25, 2 March 2023

YEREVAN, MARCH 2, ARMENPRESS. Mexico doesn’t believe that sanctions are an effective method and that eventually the restrictions only harm the people, the Ambassador of Mexico to Armenia Eduardo Villegas Megías has said.

The Ambassador made the remarks in an exclusive interview when asked if he believes that it’s time for the international community to start to consider imposing sanctions against Azerbaijan for blockading the Lachin corridor and failing to comply with the ICJ order.

“We are aware of the Lachin Corridor and the humanitarian crisis facing the people in Nagorno Karabakh. In turn, Mexico expressed its stance on many occasions during international forums. This issue must be resolved through negotiations. Our country truly aspires to peace and supports peace. We believe that the best way is to sit around the negotiating table and find a solution in a civilized manner, and the interests of the peoples must be a priority in the solution. We don’t believe that in this regard sanctions could be effective. In relation to the special military operation in Ukraine many countries tried to impose sanctions against the sides, especially against Russia, but Mexico did not join these sanctions. During international forums Mexico numerously outlined that the issue must not impact the way of life and quality of life of the people of Nagorno Karabakh. We’ve numerously called on Armenia and Azerbaijan to sit around the negotiating table in order to give a solution to this issue, because ultimately it is the people who'd suffer from sanctions. The sanctions against Russia are a vivid example, they actually don’t produce the desired result and only the people suffer,” Ambassador Eduardo Villegas Megías said.

The United Nations’ highest court – the International Court of Justice (ICJ) – ordered Azerbaijan on February 22 to “take all steps at its disposal” to ensure unimpeded movement of persons, vehicles and cargo along the Lachin Corridor in both directions. The Lachin Corridor – the only road connecting Nagorno Karabakh (Artsakh) with the rest of the world – is blocked by Azerbaijan since 12 December 2022.

Armenian, Russian deputy ministers of defense discuss regional security




YEREVAN, FEBRUARY 28, ARMENPRESS. Deputy Minister of Defense Karen Brutyan met with his Russian counterpart Alexander Fomin to discuss cooperation and regional security, the Russian Ministry of Defense said.

Urgent issues of Armenian-Russian military and military-technical cooperation, as well as the state of regional security were discussed during the meeting,” the Russian Ministry of Defense said in a read-out.

EU’s decision to deploy civilian mission is in itself a restraining mechanism against Azerbaijani aggression – Speaker




YEREVAN, FEBRUARY 28, ARMENPRESS. The EU civilian mission in Armenia is in itself a restraining mechanism against Azerbaijan, Speaker of Parliament Alen Simonyan said.

“If we were to go to extremes while looking at it, of course the attacking side will attack if it has decided to do so and is assessing its possibilities to be sufficient. But the decision [to deploy EU mission] in itself is a restraining mechanism, not to mention the fact that they are already here. But the decision in itself is already a political assessment, a record,” Simonyan said when asked at a press briefing whether the EU mission will suppress any aggressive actions by Azerbaijan.

Speaker Simonyan added that before the 2020 war, Azerbaijan passed a long path, it made preparations in the media sector, obtained four resolutions at the UN in order to try and give some substantiation to its actions in terms of international law. “Now such substantiation neither exists nor can exist. The opposite is happening, today a lot more is being talked about Nagorno Karabakh, rights, about the Azerbaijanis who invaded sovereign territory of Armenia. And I am convinced that we are headed in the right direction,” Simonyan said.

On 20 February 2023, the European Union launched the EU civilian mission in Armenia (EU Mission in Armenia/EUMA) under the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP).

The EUMA was formally established by a Council Decision on 23 January 2023. Through its deployment on the Armenian side of the Armenia-Azerbaijan border, it aims to contribute to stability in the border areas of Armenia, build confidence and human security in conflict affected areas, and ensure an environment conducive to the normalisation efforts between Armenia and Azerbaijan supported by the EU.

The exclusively civilian staff of the EUMA will number approximately 100 in total, including around 50 unarmed observers.

The mission’s operational headquarters will be in Yeghegnadzor, in the Vayots Dzor province of Armenia. EEAS Managing Director of the Civilian Planning and Conduct Capability (CPCC), Stefano Tomat, will serve as the Civilian Operation Commander, while Markus Ritter will serve as the Head of Mission.

Results will be seen for decades to come – TUMO Academy launched to train new generation of professionals




YEREVAN, FEBRUARY 27, ARMENPRESS. The latest initiative by TUMO, the TUMO Academy, gives the opportunity to pursue a new profession and gain employment in an innovative educational environment.

TUMO Academy is training a new generation of professionals in design and technology disciplines. During the six-month program, students will be provided with accommodation and a monthly stipend. 

Participants who have completed the first stage will go through a paid hands-on training at the TUMO centers in Kapan, Koghb, and Dilijan. After completing the three-month hands-on training, graduates of the academy will receive a job offer and join the TUMO team as workshop leaders in their chosen learning area.

“We will see the results of the project we are launching today for decades to come,” TUMO Center for Creative Technologies CEO Marie Lou Papazian said at the launch of TUMO Academy. “By expanding our network in Armenia and Artsakh, we seek to provide equally high-quality and advanced education to all young people. Regardless of whether you are a student at the TUMO city center or the TUMO Box of a village, the content and quality of the education you receive must be the same. In order to achieve this goal we need to build a strong team of hundreds of experts, coaches and educators,” she said.

TUMO Academy will provide training for 8 learning areas in its first stage and will go on to cover all 14 of TUMO’s learning areas in the future.

The  is open to anyone who is at least 21 years old.

Armenpress: President Khachaturyan, Prime Minister Pashinyan and other government officials commemorate victims of Sumgait pogrom




YEREVAN, FEBRUARY 27, ARMENPRESS. On the occasion of the Sumgait pogrom commemoration day, President of Armenia Vahagn Khachaturyan, together with Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan, Speaker of Parliament Alen Simonyan and other government officials, visited the Tsitsernakaberd Memorial in Yerevan to pay tribute to the memory of the victims of the massacre, the parliament’s press service said in a press release.

[see video]
The top leadership placed a wreath and flowers at the cross-stones commemorating the victims of the Armenians who were killed in the pogroms organized by the Azerbaijani authorities in the cities of Sumgait, Kirovabad and Baku.

In late February 1988, Azerbaijanis began a state-sponsored massacre of the Armenian population in Sumgait, which became known as the Sumgait pogrom.