Irak: les Kurdes s’unissent pour negocier leur place au gouvernement

Irak : les Kurdes s’unissent pour négocier leur place au gouvernement


samedi15 mai 2010, par Stéphane/armenews
Les partis kurdes ont décidé de s’unir au sein du prochain Parlement
et de négocier ensemble leur place dans le prochain gouvernement
irakien, qui est en pleine gestation, a annoncé dimanche le président
de la région autonome, Massoud Barzani.

La Coalition des blocs kurdes compte au total 59 députés sur les 325
que compte le Parlement.

Elle rassemble l’Alliance kurde -formée des deux grands partis
traditionnels, le Parti démocratique du Kurdistan (PDK) de M. Barzani
et l’Union Patriotique du Kurdistan (UPK) du président irakien Jalal
Talabani- qui a obtenu 43 sièges, Goran (Changement) constitué de
dissidents de l’UPK (8 sièges), l’Union islamique du Kurdistan (4
sièges), la Jamaa Islamiya (2 sièges) et deux députés issus de

"La présidence de la Coalition sera choisie à la majorité et ses
décisions seront prises par consensus. Nous nous sommes mis d’accord
sur un réglement intérieur pour organiser le travail et nous avons mis
au point un programme complet pour la délégation kurde qui ira
négocier à Bagdad sur notre participation à la formation du nouveau
gouvernement", a-t-il dit à la télevision.

"Nous sommes prêts à nous impliquer dans toutes les négociations avec
toutes les parties irakiennes afin de mettre un terme à la crise
irakienne et de hter la formation d’un nouveau gouvernement sur le
principe du partenariat et le refus de toute marginalisation" a-t-il

L’Alliance kurde avait affirmé jeudi qu’elle accepterait le Premier
ministre choisi par la nouvelle coalition chiite composée des
partisans du Premier ministre Nouri al-Maliki et des partis proches de

Sh. Kocharyan: Peoples, not nations the righ to self-determination

Shavarsh Kocharyan: Peoples, not natinas have the righ to self-determination
15.05.2010 14:22

Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev declared at a joint press
conference with his Serbian counterpart that `Armenians of Nagorno
Karabakh have no right to self determination.’ Commenting on the
statement, Armenian Deputy Foreign Minister Shavarsh Kocharyan said:

`Azerbaijan’s President should have known that peoples, not nations
have the right to self-determination. Otherwise, according to the
thesis inherited together with the presidential chair, which says that
Turks and Azerbaijanis are one nation, Azerbaijan could not have the
right to independence.’

ANKARA: Ankara- Moscow Rapprochement Will Help To Advance Azerbaijan


Journal of Turkish Weekly
May 14 2010

The Ankara- Moscow rapprochement will help to advance Azerbaijan’s
interests and, possibly, movements in solution of the Nagorno-Karabakh
conflict, experts say.

"Even if Turkey’s intervention in this matter does not guarantee a
solution to the conflict, it can protect Azerbaijan’s interests,"
Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s Adviser on Eurasia
Geybulla Ramazanoglu told Trend.

Russia and Turkey are interested in strengthening stability in the
Caucasus region and in resolving of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict,
President Dmitry Medvedev said at a press conference in Ankara,
"Russia-24" television channel reported.

"We, I mean RF, will advance this issue and use all opportunities,
Russia’s prestige and influence to resolve this conflict," Medvedev

The conflict between the two South Caucasus countries began in 1988
when Armenia made territorial claims against Azerbaijan. Armenian
armed forces have occupied 20 percent of Azerbaijan since 1992,
including the Nagorno-Karabakh region and 7 surrounding districts.

Azerbaijan and Armenia signed a ceasefire agreement in 1994. The
co-chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group – Russia, France, and the U.S. –
are currently holding the peace negotiations.

Armenia has not yet implemented the U.N. Security Council’s four
resolutions on the liberation of the Nagorno-Karabakh region and the
occupied territories.

Experts believes even if the convergence of Ankara and Moscow does
not guarantee the resolution to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict in the
short term, Turkey will be able to lobby for Azerbaijan’s interests
in the region.

The Turkish-Russian rapprochement, mutual visits of the Presidents,
and, moreover, the abolition of the visa regime will have a positive
impact on resolving of the Nagorno-Karabakh issue, strengthening
of Azerbaijani position, political analyst Fikret Sadikhov told
Trend today.

"Turkey is our close ally and Russia – our strategic partner, on
which the solution of the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict depends,
and recent events may give new impetus to the process of the peaceful
negotiations," Sadikhov said.

All subsequent negotiations on the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, which
will be held after the Russian and Turkish presidents meeting, should
be successful, Ramazanoglu said.

"However, the sides, who claim on an interest in settling the
Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, including members of the Minsk Group,
in reality do not always support Azerbaijan, and now Turkey has a
real chance to lobby for Azerbaijan," Ramazanoglu said.

The Russia-Turkey relation are at a high level for over the last few
years and they are based exclusively on mutual interest and benefit,
Armenian MP, Secretary of the Parliamentary Faction" Prosperous Armenia
"Aram Safarian was quoted as saying by Regnum.

"Ankara will try to take advantage of its growing role in relations
with Russia to increase its influence in the South Caucasus region,"
Safarian said. "I am sure that Turkey and Azerbaijan work together
in this direction and will soon voice the single position."

Johns Hopkins University, Institute of Central Asia and Caucasus
director, Svante Cornell believes it is still too early to talk about
the implications of the president’s meeting.

"Such meetings are not uncommon, as well as the statements that were
made yesterday, but it did not lead to advances in solution of the
Nagorno-Karabakh problem. Nothing substantial is done to solve the
Nagorno-Karabakh conflict," Cornell told Trend over the telephone.

Experts disagreed regarding Turkey’s possible participation in the
OSCE Minsk Group.

If the OSCE Minsk Group continues to act in a successful direction for
solving the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, then Turkey also may consider
participation in this negotiation process, Erdogan said in a joint
press conference with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev in Ankara.

"The suggestion that Turkey can become a co-chair of the OSCE –
insignificant words, as Armenia would never give its consent," he said.

Another Azerbaijani political analyst, Director of the Center for
Political Technologies and Innovations Mubariz Ahmadoglu is skeptical
regarding discussion of the Nagorno-Karabakh problem by the Presidents
of Turkey and Russia.

"Russia voluntarily or forcibly will withdraw other co-chairmen of OSCE
Minsk Group from the game, influence on them for its own interests",
Ahmadoglu said.

He said that Russia will make every effort to prevent joining of other
countries in the region, including Turkey and Iran, to the process.

"Medvedev’s statements in Ankara were sounded to pay tribute to
Turkey. The statements of the Turkish side are sincere. They want
processes on resolving of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict to intensify,"
Ahmadoglu said.

Drawing an analogy between the Turkish side’s statements about the
readiness to engage in mediation efforts in this matter and Russian
Defense Minister’s visit to Baku, which followed the participation
of President Ilham Aliyev in Victory Day celebrations in Moscow,
Sadikhov expressed his belief in the influence of these processes to
accelerate resolving of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

"Armenia has been driven into a corner. It should give a clear answer
about the update Madrid principles. It rushes about and understands
that this document will lead to de-occupation of Azerbaijani
territories in any version," he said.

Czech PM To Visit Tsitsernakaberd

08:04 pm | May 14, 2010 | Official

Jan Fischer, Prime Minister of the Czech Republic, will arrive in
Armenia on May 17-18 on a two-day working visit.

In Armenia, Jan Fischer is scheduled to participate in an
Armenian-Czech business forum and hold meetings with Armenian President
Serzh Sargsyan, Catholicos of All Armenians, His Holiness Karekin
II, National Assembly Speaker Hovik ABrahamyan and Prime Minister
Tigran Sargsyan.

During the visit, the Czech PM will visit Tsitsernakaberd memorial
complex to commemorate the victims of the Armenian Genocide, reports
RA government’s press service.

Huliq.Com: Azerbaijan, Armenia On Two Opposite Sides Of Madrid Princ


"Azerbaij an and Armenia have in principle agreed to the Madrid
Principles proposed by the mediators as a way to resolve the
Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. However, the two countries look at the
principles from two opposite points of views," publisher,
editor Armen Hareyan writes.

According to him, Azerbaijan wants the return of the Azerbaijani
refugees to Nagorno-Karabakh and a referendum to determine the final
status of Nagorno-Karabakh. Armenia, on the other hand, says the
international status of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR) is the
core of the conflict. Thus, we need to start from it, Armenia says.

It calls for more specification on how and when the referendum will
be conducted to determine the future status of the Nagorno Karabakh.

Armenia has said it is willing to discuss issues that are of mutual
interest with Azerbaijan, but only after the latter is ready to
discuss the future status of NKR.

Armenia says bringing back the Azeri refugees back to Nargorno Karabakh
and making them to leave side by side with the Armenian majority of
Karabakh before the conflict is resolved is an invitation to another
conflict. This is why Armenia insists to start from the status and
details of the referendum for the future status of NKR.

"The core of the conflict is the status of the Nagorno-Karabakh
Republic, which already for 20 years is de facto independent from
Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan does not want to accept it, but also does not
explain how it can convince Karabakh population to vote to remain in
one country with it. This conflict started because of the violated
human rights of the Armenian population in Nagorno-Karabakh’s
Autonomous Region. Thus the region voted for independence. If the
mediators are really interested in this conflict’s quick resolution
they need to get a hold of the problem and not the symptoms.

Otherwise, currently it seems that everyone is trying to heal the
symptoms, leaving the problem at the end," A. Hareyan highlights.

The Nagorno-Karabakh (armed) conflict broke out back in 1991, when,
subsequent to the demand for self-determination of the Nagorno-Karabakh
people, Azerbaijani authorities attempted to resolve the issue
through ethnic cleansings, carried out by Soviet security forces
(KGB special units) under the pretext of the implementation of the
passport regime and by launching of large-scale military operations,
which left thousands dead and caused considerable material damage. A
cease-fire agreement was established in 1994. Negotiations on the
settlement of the conflict are being conducted under the mediation
of the OSCE Minsk Group Co-Chairmen (Russia, USA, France) and on the
basis of their Madrid proposals, presented in November, 2007.

Azerbaijan has not yet implemented the 4 resolutions of the UN
Security Council adopted in 1993, by continuing to provoke arms race
in the region and openly violating on of the basic principles of the
international law non-use of force or threat of force.

Syunik Nurses Pass Trainings


MAY 14, 2010

KAPAN, MAY 14, ARMENPRESS: United States Agency for International
Development (USAID) has started the process of training of Syunik
nurses by the program of "Reforms of Primary Healthcare".

Healthcare and Social Insurance Department of Syunik governor office
told Armenpress that by this round 70 nurses from Kapan and Meghri
are currently passing trainings in Kapan medical college.

The themes included in the trainings will enable the medical
employees to become family nurses. In the period of the trainings the
participants are ensured with dwellings and food, as well as their
salary is maintained. The nurses of Goris and Sisian will be trained
in autumn by the next round of this program.

Three Projects Implemented In Shirak Within "Civil Dialogue And Prac


MAY 13, 2010

GYUMRI, MAY 13, ARMENPRESS: Three projects have been implemented in
Shirak province within the frameworks of the program of "Civil Dialogue
and Practical Steps". The goal of the program is to activate the
civil activeness of young people. From the very beginning the program
aimed at supporting the students of province higher educational
establishments by developing and encouraging their projects. In
Shirak province Gyumri Pedagogical Institute has the opportunity of
implementing the program

Turkey Could Join Nagorno-Karabakh Settlement Process – Turkish PM


May 12 2010

Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan has not ruled out Ankara’s
involvement in the OSCE (Organization for Security and Co-operation
in Europe) Minsk Group’s efforts to resolve the Nagorno-Karabakh
conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan.

"If the Minsk Group continues to further operate successfully, we
will be able to consider Turkey’s participation in this negotiating
process," Erdogan said after talks with Russian President Dmitry
Medvedev in Ankara on Wednesday.

"Our task is to push Azerbaijan and Armenia towards reaching some
point which could be considered a peaceful resolution of the Nagorno-
Karabakh problem," the Turkish prime minister said.

"[Turkey] will facilitate in every possible way the continuation of
the settlement process," he said.

BAKU; Editor-In-Chief Of Russia-Based Newspaper Named Timeframe Arme


May 13 2010

Day.Az interview with editor-in-chief of the Russia-based "Konservator"
newspaper Rustam Arifjanov.

At a joint press conference with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev in
Ankara, Turkish Primier Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that he studies
possibility of Turkey’s inclusion to the OSCE Minsk Group as a
co-chair. In your opinion, to what degree is this realistic?

I’m not sure that Turkey will co-chair, as this issue is decided not
only by Moscow, but also Paris and Washington. The Group has been
created by the OSCE, and Turkey’s desire even approved by Russia is
not enough. It is clear that Armenia will show impressive resistance.

The Minsk Group probably understands Turkey’s growing role in resolving
conflicts in South Caucasus. In this case, it was Dmitry Medvedev who
made his proposal that Turkey actively participates in solving these
problems. Of course, it is a positive fact for Azerbaijan. In this
case, there will be more impartial approach to solving the conflict.

It has been repeatedly said that there are official Zurich protocols,
verbal, perhaps also written agreements which state that sooner or
later Armenia must withdraw from occupied lands around Nagorno-Karabakh
so that the ties between Turkey and Armenia will normalize. Turkey
will insist on this part of written or verbal statement.

Certainly Dmitry Medvedev was referring to this when he talked about
an opportunity to involve Turkey to solve the conflict. Turkey needs
to take more convincing measures now so that Armenia will finally
pull out troops from the occupied lands.

In your view, how will the Armenian government act in this case?

Government officials, civil servants, MPs will argue that mediation
of the OSCE Minsk Group to resolve the conflict is sufficient. They
will try to convince that Turkey’s involvement is senseless and
unnecessary. Armenians will unofficially try to persuade co-chairs
of France and the U.S. to advert Turkey’s involvement.

As to France, given Nicolas Sarkozy’s cautious attitude towards
Turkey lately, Armenian will achieve its target in this case. But it
will not work with the United States. Frankly, the U.S., Russia and
Turkey are more active players in the theater of political action in
the South Caucasus than France. Therefore, France and Armenia will
be in the minority.

In your opinion, is it possible to normalize Armenia-Turkey relations
without progress in the Karabakh conflict resolution?

Turkey has clearly announced conditions that will open the border
with Armenia. It implies complying with the proposals suggested by
the OSCE Minsk Group co-chairs, in other words, liberation of all
occupied areas surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh. Once these areas are
returned to their rightful owner, Turkey will open the border.

How soon we can witness progress in this issue?

This may include a period of several months to a year and a
half. First, it is necessary to prepare the propaganda machine
of Armenia and the Armenian Diaspora for this. For the Sargsyan
government, it is a very difficult decision, which may result in
serious discontent of the opposition that can be supported by the
diaspora in this case.

This process will take long. Armenia will gradually be explained all
advantages of opening the border with Turkey. Armenia will certainly
advance some conditions even to international organizations. But it
will have to withdraw from the lands sooner or later. International
law supports Azerbaijan.

Given fast rapprochement between Turkey and Russia primarily in
economic terms, some experts say Turkey, Azerbaijan and Russia may
establish a geopolitical alliance. To what extent is such an alliance

It is realistic. But in this case Russia, of course, will be very
careful in this matter because of relations with Yerevan. From
an economic viewpoint, Armenia is not so attractive to Moscow,
like Azerbaijan and Turkey. Russia has obtained everything that it
could obtain in Armenia including railways and telecommunications
market. Therefore, Moscow will always strive to ensure that the
Armenian regime has been loyal to Russia. We should not forget about
the military base. So, Russia will participate in the aforementioned
alliance very carefully not to spoil relations with a partner Armenia.

Turkey Continues Arming Azerbaijan


May 13, 2010 – 14:52 AMT 09:52 GMT

Turkish military assistance to Azerbaijan has exceeded $200 million,
Turkish Defense Minister said

"Our defense cooperation with Azerbaijan was established when
Azerbaijan declared independence and continues up to now," Vecdi
Gonul said. "Besides, Azeri soldiers have been training in Turkish
facilities and military schools for years."

For his part, Azerbaijan’s Minister of Defense Industry Yaver Jamalov
said that his country is planning implementation of a number of joint
projects on small arms production, the Azeri Press Agency reported.