Transport corridor North-South actively operating, developing

ITAR-TASS News Agency
April 5, 2004 Monday

Transport corridor North-South actively operating, developing

By Dmitry Vinitsky


The transport corridor North-South “is actively developing and
already the operational project,” Russian Deputy Foreign Minister
Viktor Kolyuzhny said on Monday. Russia and Iran initiated the
creation of the corridor.

“The project is operational, evokes great interest, but additional
efforts to create the fleet of ferry boats and unify the tariff
policy of states concerned will be needed,” he emphasised.

Meanwhile the deputy minister noted that many countries wish to join
the project. “Russia has already considered and put forth a proposal
to include Azerbaijan and Armenia in the project,” the diplomat
pointed out.

Briefing: Mount Ararat

The Herald (Glasgow)
April 5, 2004

Briefing: Mount Ararat

Noah’s Ark finally found dry land on the mountain’s summit on this
day in 2348 BC.

Q: Says who?

A: Experts in the field of hermeneutics, the branch of knowledge that
deals with interpreting the Bible and other works of literature.

Q: Where is Mount Ararat?

A: There are actually two: Great Ararat (16,854ft), and Little Ararat
(12,782ft). They’re both products of volcanic eruptions in the
distant past and are to be found in the extreme east of Turkey. It’s
Great Ararat that’s associated with the mountain on which Noah’s Ark
came to rest at the end of the flood.

Q: Where does the name come from?

A: As it appears in the Bible, it’s the Hebrew equivalent of Urartu,
a kingdom that flourished between the ninth and seventh centuries BC.
Ararat is sacred to the Armenians.

Q: Oh?

A: They believe they were the first race of humans to appear in the
world after the Deluge. Persian legend refers to Ararat as the cradle
of the human race. According to local tradition, Noah, the Old
Testament hero of the book of Genesis who introduced winemaking to
the world, planted the first vineyard in a village, since vanished,
on the slopes of Ararat.

Q: What happened to the village?

A: Along with the monastery commemorating St Jacob, who is said to
have tried repeatedly but unsuccessfully to reach the summit, it was
destroyed by an avalanche in 1840.

Q: Who first scaled the mountain?

A: Johann Jacob von Parrot, a German, made the first recorded
successful ascent in 1829. Since then, it’s been climbed by several
mountaineers, some of whom claim to have sighted remains of the Ark.
Locals believe the Ark’s still there, but that God decided no-one
should see it.

War is said to again be possible in the Transcaucasia

Agency WPS
April 5, 2004, Monday


As far back as March 27, Gegam Arutyunyan, former deputy defense
minister of Armenia, now member of the political council of the
Republic oppositional party, urged the opposition to carry out a
“democratic revolution.” On April 1, he was supported by the National
Unity party and the Justice bloc. The unified opposition informed the
public of launching its struggle for shifting the power in the
country and even announced the specified terms of the protests –
April 5 to 13.

Speaking at the parliament, Viktor Dallakyan, a leader of the Justice
bloc, said: “Armenia found itself in a deep crisis, dismissal of
President Robert Kocharyan being the only way out.” He told the
deputies that, as reported by the unified opposition headquarters,
Armenian leaders are getting ready for the upcoming actions of
protest and intends to use the army against the demonstration. Serzh
Sarkisyan, defense minister and secretary of the National Security
Council said the situation in the republic is in a strain. However,
(…) he flatly denied the rumors saying that the Defense Ministry is
forming detachments to suppress the wave of opposition. (…)

Meanwhile, Mikael Danielyan, chairman of the Helsinki Association of
Armenia is sure that “under conditions of the current political
crisis, for Kocharyan war remains the only method to pacify the
opposition.” He doesn’t rule out that an armed conflict may arise
between Azerbaijan and Armenia because of Nagorny Karabakh already in
April. Danielyan says this could be the reason why military exercises
are conducted in Armenia now. Azerbaijani Defense Minister Safar
Aliyev doesn’t rule out that an armed conflict may be resumed between
Armenia and Azerbaijan. He said on March 31 that “a war against
Armenia might occur any day now.”

Source: Novye Izvestia, April 2, 2004, p. 3

Translated by Andrei Ryabochkin

Iran’s ambitions

Agency WPS
April 5, 2004, Monday


SOURCE: Nezavisimaya Gazeta, April 2, 2004, p. 9

by Ilan Berman, head of the strategic policy sector of the US Council
for foreign policy


This year Iran has become the focus of international attention in
connection with its fully-fledged nuclear program and convincing
signs, which show that Iran has ballistic missiles. In addition,
Teheran has become very active in the Persian Gulf, the Caspian Sea
and the Caucasus where the Islamic Republic of Iran is realizing a
multilayer strategy aimed at changing the current situation in the
region in its favor.


Judging from official statements, Iran finished tests of the Shahab-3
ballistic missile (the range of fire is 1,300 kilometers) in June
2003. That successful test confirmed Iran’s ability to hit targets on
the territory of Washington’s allies and US bases in the Persian
Gulf. Iran has added the new missile to arsenals of Pasdaran
revolutionary guards. As is known, Pasdaran is the main channel of
contacts with Hezbollah and HAMAS, and Iran’s achievements in the
missile sector may help terrorists realize their plans.

The opposition stated that Iran’s official missile program is a
curtain of a secret program, which includes the creation of the
Shahab-5 missile (the range of fire is 4,000 kilometers) and the
Kovsar intercontinental ballistic missile.


A new strategic doctrine took root in Iran after the defeat of Saddam
Hussein’s regime. The Iranian foreign minister stated that the new
national security doctrine was passed to counter “new threats to
Iran’s national security, including foreign aggression, wars,
incidents on the border, espionage, sabotage, regional crises,
terrorism and discrimination linked with production of weapons of
mass destruction”. In reality this means that Iran will strengthen
its military potential and presence in two vitally important zones –
the Persian Gulf and the Caucasus.

Weapons, which Iran has purchased over the past years, have let
Teheran gain control over important sea routes in the Persian Gulf
and oil deliveries in the region. Iran has activated diplomatic
effort in the region aimed at creating a security system, which would
not depend on the US.

The Iranian foreign minister visited several countries located in the
Caucasus, seeking to reach an agreement with Georgia, Armenia,
Azerbaijan, Russia and Turkey to create a joint security system as an
alternative to cooperation with exterior forces. The reaction to that
proposal was rather cold, and Iran decided to use other methods. Iran
started a full-scale exercise in the north-western region (near
Azerbaijan) in October 2003. Iran concentrated troops on the border
with Azerbaijan – that was a demonstration of its military might
aimed at discouraging Azerbaijan from expanding its cooperation with
the US. In addition, Iran strengthened its military potential in the
Caspian Sea as a reaction to military relations of Kazakhstan and
Azerbaijan with Washington.

The Iranian leadership thinks that Teheran must play a very important
role on the international arena. The defeat of the Taliban movement
and Saddam Hussein’s regime prompted some Iranian high-ranking
officials that Iran is destined to become “the most powerful
geopolitical center” in the post-Saddam Middle East.

More than 3,000 anti-government protesters rally in Armenia

Agence France Presse
April 5, 2004 Monday

More than 3,000 anti-government protesters rally in Armenia


More than 3,000 Armenians took to the streets of Yerevan Monday to
protest against President Robert Kocharian and demand a referendum on
his contested rule in the impoverished, landlocked Caucasus nation.

The demonstrators brandished portraits of Artaches Guegamian, leader
of the opposition National Unity party, and posters calling on
Kocharian to step down. He was re-elected in March 2003 in a poll the
opposition says was rigged.

“We will wage a protest movement to remove this illegal government,”
Guegamian told the crowd, calling for a referendum on April 16 and
vowing fresh rallies later this week.

During his speech before the protestors in the centre of the Armenian
capital, eggs and stones were thrown from nearby balconies but the
rally continued.

Meanwhile, unknown people grabbed two television cameras and two
cameras from journalists covering the demonstration, smashing them to
pieces in front of police, who did not intervene.

On Friday, Armenian journalists held a rally to protest against the
threat to freedom of expression in this former Soviet republic, which
has been criticized by the Council of Europe for cracking down on
independent media.

Dance review: 8 Troupes celebrate agility and passion

Los Angeles Times
April 5, 2004 Monday
Home Edition

8 Troupes celebrate agility and passion

by Victoria Looseleaf, Special to The Times

If dancers are the new athletes, there was much to laud in the
strongly performed “Celebration of Dance” on Saturday night at the
Alex Theatre in Glendale. The second annual offering, produced by
Ballet of the Foothills’ Jill Sanzo, showcased eight companies in a
diverse program of mostly new — and engaging — works.

Females dominated, with Djanbazian Dance Company premiering its
powerful “Can Shadows Dance?” Choreographed by Anna Djanbazian, the
opus paid homage to Armenian women brutalized in 1915.

Set to a haunting score by Komitas, seven women in bleach-colored
caftans created tableaux in which chest-pounding angst gave way to
astonishing backbends, and ferocious leapers morphed into crumbled
heaps on the floor. The work ended in silence, a specter of death.

On a different note: Denise Leitner’s new “Pathways #10,” performed
by her company, a Dancer’s Voice, blended quicksilver jazz gyrations,
threaded with high kicks and feral energy, as the female quintet
bobbed to the Creatures’ propulsive score.

Four plucky Bela Fleck arrangements (including some full-tilt Bach)
made the perfect sonic accompaniment to Backhausdance’s latest,
“Sitting on January.” Choreographed by Jennifer Backhaus McIvor, the
work featured six women and a lone male (William Lu), gamboling with
chairs. All sweetness and charm, there was a Paul Taylor feel to the
work, with technical finesse equal to the spirited footwork.

Nuevo flamenco reared its passionate head in Deborah Greenfield’s
new, “Juego Flamenco,” dramatically danced by the choreographer’s
company, Rosa Negra Flamenco. Split kicks, unexpected partnering and
saucy shoulder dips rocked, although Greenfield’s costuming —
unfortunate leggings and tunics for the gals, bland pants and white
shirts over muscle tees for the guys — screamed for help. Even
worse, Greenfield’s solo was overpowered by an onstage pair of
amplified musicians.

Completing the program: the previously reviewed “Light,”
choreographed by San Pedro City Ballet’s Patrick David Bradley; and
Jazz Antiqua Dance and Music Ensemble’s deft performance of Pat
Taylor’s take on excerpts from John Coltrane’s “A Love Supreme.”

From: Emil Lazarian | Ararat NewsPress

ARKA News Agency – 04/05/2004

ARKA News Agency
April 5 2004

Armenian opposition fights for constitutional regime, not for
ministerial portfolios

Political powers of Armenia must go for mutual compromises

Armenian revolutionary Federation Dashnaktutyun calls opposition to
political consent



YEREVAN, April 5. /ARKA/. Armenian opposition fights for
constitutional regime, not for ministerial portfolios, the Leader of
Justice Bloc Stepan Demirchian stated today at the press conference.
`We understand concern of Dashnaktsutyun party, indeed situation in
the country is tense, but our goals are long-term’, he said. He added
that opposition has political will for conduction of free and fair
elections. L.D. –0 –



YEREVAN, April 5. /ARKA/. Political powers of Armenia must go for
mutual compromises, representative of Supreme Body of ARF
Dashnaktsutyun Party Armen Rustamian stated today. `It is necessary
to use given situation effectively. Otherwise all responsibility for
collision will lay on those who lost given opportunity’, he said.
Rustamian expressed confidence that situation that will be created in
the future will force political powers to go for compromises. L.D.



YEREVAN, April 5. /ARKA/. Armenian revolutionary Federation
Dashnaktutyun made a political statement today. As said by Armen
Rustamyan, Chairman of the supreme body of the party, the political
tension in Armenia is approaching a dangerous verge of clear
collision. The further worsening of the situation may lead to
destabilization of the country, shake reputation and image of the
country, as well as suspend the normal course of development’. He
also mentioned that the public discontent stipulated by social and
economic difficulties are exploited politically, being targeted at
political crisis and rapid power change. `The strategy of causing
political upheavals, formation of intolerance atmosphere bears
unallowable political relations inside the country’, said the
official. In hi swords, the current political tension is caused by
extremely intolerable stance of the opposition leading to political
disobedience thru negation of legitimacy of the current authorities
on one hand and the circumstance that the opposition is not
guaranteed full participation of solution of the most important
problems of the country, on the other hand. `Today we demand
prevention of the possible collision, the best way for which is
achieving a political consent thru constructive dialogue based on the
Constitution and the functioning laws’, Rustamyan stated. T.M. -0–

Eastern Prelacy: Easter Message from Archbishop Oshagan Choloyan

Eastern Prelacy of the Armenian Apostolic Church of America
138 East 39th Street
New York, NY 10016
Tel: 212-689-7810
Fax: 212-689-7168
e-mail: [email protected]
Contact: Iris Papazian

April 5, 2004


This Jesus God raised up, and of that
we all are witnesses. (Acts 2:32)

The miraculous resurrection of Jesus transformed the disciples weakness and
uncertainty into strength and absolute confidence. Christ’s unprecedented
resurrection, unexplainable to the human mind, is comprehended only through
faith. The resurrection became a supernatural and miraculous power for the
modest fishermen, and gave the fearful disciples unshakeable confidence
which led them to bear witness to Christ’s resurrection and apostleship,
gave them the strength to withstand innumerable and unbearable tortures, and
to ignore death in the face of death, just like their teacher.

“We all are witnesses.”

WITNESS TO NEW LIFE: Not a second life, but a new life. A new life that is
felt in a believer’s soul, and who, renewed with Christ, becomes a new
person. “You have put off the old nature with its practices and have put on
the new nature, which is being renewed in knowledge after the image of its
creator.” (Col. 3:9-10). The days of the old life remain the same as the sum
of days, but they become new in content and purpose. In the end, in lieu of
the destruction of death, we gain resurrected everlasting life. Exactly
because of this, the Apostle Paul has said: “For me living is Christ, and
dying is gain.” (Philippians 1:21). The giver of new life is Christ. New
life is possible through Him and with Him.

WITNESS TO TRUTH: We know very well that there is one absolute truth in
everything. Circumstantial correctness is born from cohesive events and does
not last. We confess to that supreme truth and bear witness to it, to that
faith that Christ gave us by becoming the Son of Man, by His Incarnation,
and by His redemptive mission. Christ’s preaching and message were not
ethereal mind games, but real security and truth, which were tested on the
touch-stone by His resurrection. It was the resurrection that prodded His
disciples to bear testimony to His word and life, and His truth.

WITNESS TO THE HAPPINESS OF RESURRECTION: As creatures of the earth, our
desire is to fill our days with happiness. In our relationships with people
at home or work, or during our restful periods, it is our wish that the
entire time passes joyfully bringing us happiness. But, that blissful state
remains a dream because in family relationships-between husband and wife,
parent and child, sister and brother-there are misunderstandings and
dissensions, temptations and transgressions that bring about quarrels
resulting in uneasy and intolerable situations. In a word, the dissipation
of happiness. In the factory or the office there are many different
circumstances that create unease-competition, jealousy, and greed. We lose
our patience, become anxious as we see the distancing of happiness in our
hearts. Our own rest is disturbed because of our or a friend’s illness,
accident, or sudden and untimely death. All of this saddens us. In our
hopelessness we think that all is ended. But when our days on earth are
blessed with Christian faith and hope, and our life’s journey is towards
Christ and not the world and worldliness, then and only then can we struggle
against sorrow and pain and accept unfading happiness that the resurrection
of Christ gave us. The joy of the resurrection joins us to Christ, and no
external factor can obscure that happiness. It is true that it is very
difficult to attain that happiness. Think of the apostles and the saints,
the martyrs and the witnesses, who did not want to give up their eternal
happiness for worldly and fleeting happiness. They were spiritually
strengthened. They withstood physically and inherited the life that they
received by their witness to their faith. In place of the honor given by hum
ans, they accepted the crown of glory given by Christ.

During this season of Christ’s resurrection, as faithful believers, we view
the apostles, who became witnesses to His resurrection, with special
awareness. With the resurrection they accepted and lived a new life. They
were witnesses to that new life, accepted and preached the truth and served
as witnesses to the truth. And in spite of suffering and death, they turned
witnesses to the happiness that is promised to all faithful Christians.

As children of the Armenian Church and nation, we saw through experience
that our nation’s strength and survival is our faith. The model lives of
Christ and His apostles became an example for our centuries of struggle,
which by irrefutable truth and moral principles became the anchor and
fortress of our everlasting life. From sorrow to happiness. From death to

Christ is risen. Blessed is the resurrection of Christ.

Armenian Apostolic Church of America
Eastern United States of America

April, 2004

AAA: State Department Affirms Existing Policy on Armenian Genocide

Armenian Assembly of America
122 C Street, NW, Suite 350
Washington, DC 20001
Phone: 202-393-3434
Fax: 202-638-4904
Email: [email protected]

April 5, 2004
CONTACT: David Zenian
E-mail: [email protected]


Washington, DC — The U.S. State Department, responding to objections raised
by the Armenian Assembly this week, said language used in references to the
Armenian Genocide in its most recent human rights report on Turkey did not
mark a change in long-standing U.S. government policy.

The clarification came days after Assembly Board of Directors Chairman
Anthony Barsamian wrote to Secretary of State Colin Powell calling for an
urgent re-examination of the incorrect references and requesting that the
U.S. distance itself from the Turkish policy of denial.

Barsamian said the Assembly was “greatly troubled” by the use of the words
“alleged” and “allegation” in contexts which seemed to be “unequivocally
influenced by Turkish assuage clouding State Department reporting.”

The Department’s response was issued by Armenia Desk Officer Eugenia
Sidereas to the Armenian Assembly Monday.

“Language used in the Department’s (Turkey) country report for human rights
practices referring to the events of 1915 is in no way intended to mark a
change in longstanding existing U.S. Government policy. The report referred
solely to the phrasing used to describe these events by the Turkish
government and individuals. We regret any misunderstanding. President Bush’s
statement on Armenian Remembrance Day articulate U.S. views regarding the
decimation of the Armenian community in Ottoman Turkey and underscore our
hope that Armenia and Turkey will come to a common understanding and
reconciliation,” she told the Assembly.

Under Section 2(a) and again under Section 5 of the Department’s report
entitled “Turkey: Country reports on Human Rights Practices for the Year
2003,” the authors of the report spoke of “the alleged genocide of Armenians
under the Ottoman Empire” and “allegations that the Ottomans committed
genocide against Armenians.”

Both sections cited gross violations of human rights in Turkey, including a
demand by the Turkish Ministry of Education that fifth and seventh-grade
students, including Armenians, prepare a one-page essay – in the words of
the State Department report – “arguing that allegations that the Ottomans
committed genocide against the Armenians are ‘baseless.’ ”

The report was released by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor
and submitted by the Department to Congress by the department of State on
February 25, 2004.

Barsamian said while as far back as 1982 the State Department had clarified
similar language by adding a footnote to explain that it was “not intended
as statements of policy of the United States … Nor did they represent any
change in U.S. policy,” similar errors appeared in the Department’s most
recent human rights report on Turkey.

“In fact,” Barsamian said in his letter to Powell, “prior to 1982, the
Department of State squarely acknowledged the Armenian Genocide and
recommended that Turkey acknowledge the crimes against humanity.”

The Armenian Assembly of America is the largest Washington-based nationwide
organization promoting public understanding and awareness of Armenian
issues. It is a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt membership organization.



Minister’s Son Arrested in Armenia for Shootout That Injured Five

Minister’s Son Arrested in Armenia for Shootout That Injured Five

Russia, Saint-Petersburg
Date: 2004.04.05 18:28

YEREVAN, April 5. The son of the Armenian construction minister, Ara
Aramian, was arrested Monday in connection with a criminal ‘settling of
scores.’ As reported to a Rosbalt correspondent by the press office of the
Armenian Procurator’s Office, Aik Aramian was arrested for his role in a
March 12 shootout which left five people hospitalized with gunshot wounds. A
criminal investigation established that the minister’s son had been the

The gunfight took place less than 50 meters from the jazz cafe Aragast,
where a meeting between Georgian President Mikhail Saakashvili and Armenian
President Robert Kacharian was going on at the time.

©2001-2002 Rosbalt News Agency