La foule en liesse acclama la 2e DB

La Nouvelle République du Centre Ouest
25 août 2004

La foule en liesse acclama la 2e DB

Après quatre années d’occupation, et une semaine de grèves,
barricades et combats de rue, le peuple parisien a retrouvé, en
s’insurgeant contre l’occupant allemand, la ferveur des grandes
heures révolutionnaires…

Paris s’est libéré tout seul. Enfin, presque. Quand le vendredi 25
août 1944, sous un soleil radieux, les chars de la 2e DB martèlent le
pavé parisien, la capitale s’est déjà soulevée depuis une semaine.
Qui tiendra Paris tiendra la France, disait-on. D’où des divergences,
non sans arrière-pensées politiques, sur les modalités de sa
libération, entre les Alliés, la résistance extérieure et les
résistants parisiens. Eisenhower préfère encercler la capitale. A la
tête du gouvernement provisoire, installé à Alger, de Gaulle plaide
pour une action rapide en direction de Paris. D’autant que
Rol-Tanguy, chef communiste des FFI, ardent partisan d’un soulèvement
immédiat, proclame le 18 août la mobilisation générale : « Français,
tous au combat ! » La grève est générale : ni transports, ni gaz, ni
électricité, ni courrier. Les journaux de la collaboration sont
remplacés par ceux de la clandestinité. Le chef des SS fuit la
capitale, Pierre Laval s’enfuit sous escorte allemande, il n’y a plus
de gouvernement. Les Allemands – 16.000 hommes, 80 chars et une
soixantaine de canons – sont depuis le 9 août sous le commandement du
général von Choltitz, installé à l’hôtel Meurice, rue de Rivoli.
Désorganisés, ils sont vite confinés par les FFI à quelques points
d’appui : École militaire, Luxembourg, Concorde, Opéra, République…
Aux ordres successifs d’Hitler de transformer Paris en un « champ de
ruines », von Choltitz n’obéira pas, jugeant ce projet insensé et
irréalisable.

Mairies, commissariats, bureaux de poste sont investis par les
résistants qui s’arment progressivement. De son PC souterrain de la
place Denfert-Rochereau, le colonel Rol coordonne les actions. Le
dimanche 20, des haut-parleurs annoncent un cessez-le-feu. Les
Parisiens achètent à la sauvette cocardes et drapeaux tricolores. Les
Allemands plient bagage et la Gestapo brûle ses dossiers sur les
pavés de la rue des Saussaies. Obtenue la veille au soir par le
consul général de Suède, Raoul Nordling, la trêve, rejetée avec force
par les mouvements de la Résistance intérieure, est rompue au bout de
24 heures. Les combats reprennent. Des barricades surgissent partout.
Les résistants étendent leur contrôle sur des quartiers entiers et
tiennent l’Hôtel de Ville. Le 23 août, les affrontements se
poursuivent.

Depuis l’aube, la 2e DB de Leclerc est en route vers Chartres et
Rambouillet. Le lendemain soir, une colonne blindée, composée de
pionniers espagnols et commandée par le capitaine Raymond Dronne, est
la première à pénétrer dans Paris : la nuit tombe, la foule en liesse
acclame les libérateurs et monte à l’assaut des véhicules. La radio
annonce la nouvelle, les cloches des églises sonnent à toute volée.
Le détachement parvient à l’Hôtel de Ville, guidé par un motocycliste
d’origine arménienne. Il est 21 h 20 à la grande horloge.

Au matin du vendredi 25, les chars Sherman de la division Leclerc
entrent dans Paris en trois colonnes par le sud et l’ouest qui se
rejoignent place de la Concorde. A midi, le drapeau français flotte
sur la tour Eiffel. L’unité du colonel Billotte prend d’assaut
l’hôtel Meurice et obtient la reddition de von Choltitz. Celui-ci
signe son acte de capitulation vers 15 h 30 à la préfecture de
police, en présence de Leclerc. Quelques instants plus tard, au PC de
Leclerc, gare Montparnasse, le général allemand rédige ses ordres de
cessez-le-feu.

Une marée humaine sur les Champs-Élysées

C’est là que Leclerc consent à faire signer au colonel Rol-Tanguy,
chef des insurgés parisiens, l’acte de reddition, avant que ne les
rejoigne le général de Gaulle, arrivé de Rambouillet. Le chef de la
France libre reprochera à Leclerc d’avoir laissé le résistant
communiste signer un exemplaire de l’acte de capitulation… Puis il
se rend à l’Hôtel de Ville où l’attend le Conseil national de la
Résistance rassemblé autour de son chef, Georges Bidault. De Gaulle
refuse de proclamer une République qui, pour lui, « n’a jamais cessé
d’exister ». Il rend hommage à la capitale, et, bras ouverts, salue
depuis un balcon les Parisiens qui l’acclament.

Pendant ce temps, dans le centre de Paris, de mystérieux coups de feu
partent des toits et des fenêtres. Les FFI poursuivent les tireurs.
Certains sont lynchés par la foule… tandis que de nombreuses
femmes, accusées de collaboration, sont tondues. La Libération de
Paris connaîtra aussi sa face noire. Mais le samedi 26 août au matin,
c’est la joie qui est de mise : de Gaulle descend les Champs-Élysées
escorté par une marée humaine. Jusqu’au 30 des combats sporadiques se
poursuivront dans la capitale. Au total, la « bataille de Paris »
aura coûté la vie à près de 1.000 FFI, 130 soldats de la 2e DB, près
de 600 civils, et à plus de 3.000 soldats allemands.

GRAPHIQUE: Image: Le lendemain, de Gaulle passe devant l’Arc de
triomphe avant de descendre les Champs-Élysées.

ARKA News Agency – 08/25/2004

ARKA News Agency
Aug 25 2004

Festive devoted to the Day of the Republic to be held in Stepanakert

Danish Foreign Minister to visit Armenia on Aug 26-27

Meeting with kids been on holidays to Russia to be held in Yerevan
School `Slavyanskaya’

*********************************************************************

FESTIVE DEVOTED TO THE DAY OF THE REPUBLIC TO BE HELD IN STEPANAKERT

YEREVAN, August 25. /ARKA/. On September 2 on the occasion of the
13th anniversary of the Day of Declaration of Nagorno-Karabakh
Republic (NKR), festive will be held in Stepanakert and the regions
of NKR. According to ARKA’s reporter in Stepanakert, the celebration
will start with lessons in educational institutions of the republic
that will be devoted to the Day of the Declaration of NKR. Members of
the Government as well as Deputies and the representatives of the
Army will be present at the lessons. Columns of servicemen of the
Defense Army will march along the streets of Stepanakert. Members of
the Government, representatives of the community of the republic as
well as guests from Armenia and Russia will visit Stepanakert
memorial complex. Famous actors and singers invited from RA and RF
will have concerts in Stepanakert. A.H. – 0–

*********************************************************************

DANISH FOREIGN MINISTER TO VISIT ARMENIA ON AUG 26-27

YEREVAN, August 25. /ARKA/. Danish Foreign Minister Per Stig M?ller
to visit Armenia on Aug 26-27. As the Armenian Foreign Ministry
Information and Press Department told ARKA, the Danish Foreign
Minister schedules meetings with the Armenian PM Andranik Margarian,
the Armenian Foreign Minister VArdan Oskanian as well as Catholicos
of All-Armenian His Holiness Garegin II. On Aug 27 Per Stig M?ller
will visit the Armenian Genocide Memorial on Tsitsernakaberd. T.M.
-0–

*********************************************************************

MEETING WITH KIDS BEEN ON HOLIDAYS TO RUSSIA TO BE HELD IN YEREVAN
SCHOOL `SLAVYANSKAYA’

YEREVAN, August 25. /ARKA/. On Aug 27 there will be held a meeting in
Yerevan Secondary School `Slavyanskaya’ with kids that traveled to
Russia for holidays by invitation of the Russian Federal authorities
and Moscow Government. As the Russian Embassy told ARKA, 30 kids
traveled to recreation summer camp Ogonyek in Sergiev Posad and
another 40 along the `Golden Ring of Russia’. As it is mentioned in
the press release, during the meeting with representatives of the
mass media there will be provided information on Russian projects of
support of com-patriots residing in Armenia. Also, the kids will tell
about their impression of trip to Russia, while a photo exhibition
and demonstration of documentary video film about kids’ trip from
Armenia to Russia will be organized for guests. T.M. -0–

Azg Daily: 08/26/2004

Azg Armenian Daily
Aug 26 2004

ARMENIANS OF ARTSAKH AND THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA ARE THE ONLY
GUARANTEE FOR NAGORNO KARABAKH

CONSTRUCTION WORKS CARRIED OUT ON SCHEDULE IN TAVUSH

“GERMANY AND SECRET GENOCIDE” IN THE JEWISH FESTIVAL

BOOKS OF VAHAGN TATRIAN BEING TRANSLATED

“DAVID OF SASOUN” AND “BOOK OF MOURNFUL SONGS” IN UKRAINIAN

*********************************************************************

ARMENIANS OF ARTSAKH AND THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA ARE THE ONLY
GUARANTEE FOR NAGORNO KARABAKH

Armenia’s Hopes for Russian Investments are Vain So Far

The regular meeting of the presidents of Armenian and Russia took
place in Sochi on August 20. At the press conference followed right
after the talks Vladimir Putin stated: “Russia is ready to be a
guarantee and mediator in Nagorno Karabakh conflict settlement if
only Yerevan and Baku are willing”.

Mr. Putin never had promised during his tenure that “Russia is ready
to be a guarantee and mediator”. Since 2000 Mr. Putin has been
explaining Moscow’s position by saying that there should not be
winners or losers in the conflict resolution and that Russia will
support any project acceptable for Yerevan and Baku.

So what does it mean to be “guarantee in Nagorno Karabakh conflict
settlement”? Mr. Putin gave no further details on the matter and
that’s why it’s difficult to “decipher” the words of the Russian
president. But no matter what the promises are, neither Russia nor
other world powers can be a guarantee. Armenians of Artsakh and
Armenia are the only guarantee for Nagorno Karabakh. The Armenian
history and the Karabakh war come to testify to our words.

On the days of the World War I, when the Armenian nation was being
slain in its historic homeland, the English declared that the British
ships cannot climb the Armenian mountains. The British Prime Minister
Lloyd George noted: “If the Armenians are unable to defend their
territory then there is no use of such a nation”. This cynical
statement is partly true, as we preferred protecting our borders to
sending delegations to Europe and Russia. In 1991-94 the Armenian
nation proved that it’s able to defend its land and be the only
guarantee for the territorial wholeness and security.

The same Russia that left its ally Armenia alone with the Turkish
yataghan on the Eastern front only few years later became a guarantee
of the Karabakh conflict settlement as a Soviet Union. But the Soviet
government didn’t ask the will of Yerevan and Baku on the summer day
of 1921 as Mr. Putin did.

Decades later, in 1989, the Soviet government took the steer of
Nagorno Karabakh in his hands. Arkady Volski and his group left
Stepanakert in 1990. The Soviet Union, in its death agony, gave the
control over Nagorno Karabakh to anti-Armenian Polyanichko. The
events of these years also testify to the fact that Russia again
failed to be a guarantee for the Karabakh people and the Karabakh
issue.

It’s out of doubt that Russia is Armenia’s military ally. Moscow’s
role in the Karabakh conflict settlement is central. The role of the
US president is also vital. But Moscow and Washington can only be
guarantee for a short period of time.

Perhaps Armenia has other expectations from Russia too. The Russian
president noted during the meeting with Robert Kocharian that the
good circulation between the two countries is declining. During the
press conference the presidents tried to justify the reasons of this
declension. But Vladimir Putin preferred to keep silent about the
issue of the Russian investments, i.e. their absence, in Armenia.

At the meeting of the Foreign Affairs Ministers of Armenia and Russia
some months ago Vartan Oskanian noted that the good circulation
between Armenia and Russia may increase if the latter is willing to
invest in the companies handed over to Russia by the “Asset for Debt”
program.

Armenia has settled 93.76 million dollars of debt by the
abovementioned program hoping for a flow of investments. There were
no investments in the five Armenian companies till now. The future of
the two other big plants, “Armenal” and “Nairit” is uncertain. Today
“Armenal” doesn’t function with the excuse of repair. In 2000 when
the “Russki Aalumini” handed over “Kanaz” Ltd it is said to be
engaged in money laundering.

The Armenian-Russian alliance may “vapour” with time if Moscow
continues neglecting the economical factor especially if there are no
investments.

By Tatoul Hakobian

*********************************************************************

CONSTRUCTION WORKS CARRIED OUT ON SCHEDULE IN TAVUSH

RA Construction Minister States

In 2004 629 million AMD were allocated from RA State Budget for
capital construction in Tavush. 15 schools, a dwelling house in
Dilidjan, Tavush History Museum in Berd are being reconstructed at
present. After being fully renovated the library, having large
literature fund, will have all the required conditions for
comfortable reading. It is envisaged to allocate money from the state
budget for Dilidjan’s library in 2005 as well. The problem of the
town’s Kaghni Khach district’s two dwelling buildings that are to be
ruined will be settled by giving the dwellers apartments in the
Moldovakan district.

Aram Haroutiunian, RA Construction Minister, said this during the
working visit to Tavush. Minister emphasized the importance of
establishing united control system for the improvement of the
dwelling conditions both in Dilidjan and in Idjevan. This will help
the ministry renovate the privatized buildings. The construction of
the half-built administrative building in Idjevan will begin next
week. It will be given to Idjevan’s Mayor’s Office and Tavush
Regional Administration. Minister stated that the construction works
in all the places are being done on schedule.

Visiting the landslide areas, minister stated that in Gosh, Achadjur,
Hovq communities and in Dilidjan the landslide areas will be studied
within the framework of “Program of Urgent Measures Taken against
Landslide” based on RA Government’s decision. The program will be
implemented thanks to the financial assistance rendered by Japan
Government. A united conference of the ministry’s officials and the
representatives of the local administration was included in the
program of the working visit to the region. The officials discussed
the construction problems existing in the region and elaborated some
programs.

By Nana Petrosian

*********************************************************************

“GERMANY AND SECRET GENOCIDE” IN THE JEWISH FESTIVAL

“Germany and Secret Genocide” film by Mikael Hakobian was shown in
the Jewish “Saidbar” section of Road Island International Film
Festival on August 12, Armenian Mirror Spectator informed. This is
the third film of the triad entitled “The Witnesses” dedicated to the
Armenian Genocide. The triad is produced by “Armenian Film
Institution” established in South California. The film was
represented at the festival by Doctor Sharon Rivo, Executive Director
of the Jewish Film Festival at Brandeis University. He was deeply
impressed by the film when he watched it during its premiere
organized by Bellemonde Armenian Research Center and decided to show
the film to a larger audience. Glen Far, Co-Producer of the film,
expressed satisfaction and said that this “confirms the idea that the
genocide is the problem of the world, the humanity.” It’s worth
mentioning that Road Island Film Festival is the biggest cultural
event of New England that help the New York and Boston spectators and
cinema critics be present and express their views.

“Germany and Secret Genocide” took the first place and was awarded a
special price at “One world Of Human Rights” Prague Film Festival, as
well as American Feature and Video Film Festival.

By Hakob Tsulikian

*********************************************************************

BOOKS OF VAHAGN TATRIAN BEING TRANSLATED

The books of Prof. Vahagn Tatrian, an eminent historian, author of
many researches into the Armenian Genocide, continue to interest
academical circles.

The Zorian Institute informs that one of Milan publishing houses,
“Edicioni Gerini” published Prof. Tatrian’s most famous book “The
history of the Armenian Genocide. The ethnic confrontation from the
Balkans to Anatolia and The Caucasus”. It was translated by Dr.
Alessandra Flores Darkais.

The book was translated in 2003 from the English translation provided
by the “Bergan Books” publishing house. The English version already
has six publications. “Prof. Tatrian’s book is the most convincing
from juridical point of view and the closest to the historic truth
from among all other books on this subject”, wrote Sheriff Basiuni,
president of the International Institute of Human Rights and the
International Association of Criminal Laws.

The book also had its second French publication and the Arabic
version was published in Damascus. Zorian Institute informs that the
collection of Prof. Tatrian’s articles on the Armenian Genocide is
translated into Turkish by Belji Yayinlari and is on sale in the
bookstores of “Dost”, “Kabile”, “Imje” in Istanbul, Izmir and Ankara.
Dr. Taner Akcam’s review of the book that was published in Radical
made the Turkish intelligentsia interested.

Dr. Akcam highly valued the work of Prof. Tatrian and considered the
book a “precious contribution”, stressing that it enables the Turkish
reader to learn about a theme that is a “taboo”. He also noted that
for a country yearning for the EU it’s impossible to deny the fact of
the Armenian Genocide.

By Hakob Tsulikian

*********************************************************************

“DAVID OF SASOUN” AND “BOOK OF MOURNFUL SONGS” IN UKRAINIAN

The Armenian epos “David of Sasoun” and Grigor Narekatsi’s “Book of
Mournful Songs” were translated into Ukrainian last year. The embassy
of Ukraine to Armenia and “Armenia-Ukraine” company initiated the
presentation of the book on August 24. “The translators did a great
work thus expressing their love towards the Armenian nation. The
language is so simple and comprehensible that the Ukrainians will
have no difficulty with understanding the philosophy of the works. I
know what Narekatsi means for the Armenians and that’s why I think
that his poem’s translation into Ukrainian is a great event in
Armenian-Ukrainian cultural relations”, said ambassador Vladimir
Tyaglo.

It’s a pity that the translators Victor Kachevski and Miron
Nesterchuk were not present at the presentation. Levon Mirinjanian,
Davit Muradian, Suren Muradian and others highly valued their work.
Suren Muradian said that Victor Kachevski began the translation in
Tsakhkadzor and amazed everyone by rejoicing at the deeds of the epos
heroes. He suggested the Writers’ Union of Armenia to invite Mr.
Kachevski to Tsakhkadzor for a holiday.

By Ruzan Poghosian

Chechen cards on the Georgian playing table

Messenger.com.ge, Georgia
Aug 25 2004

Chechen cards on the Georgian playing table

The current deputy prime minister in Chechnya’s pro-Russian
administration Ramzan Kadyrov this week announced that 5,000 Chechen
warriors are prepared to be deployed to the conflict zone in South
Ossetia to maintain peace.

The idea that Chechen soldiers are more needed here in Georgia is a
further demonstration of the cynicism and imperialism with which
senior Russian leaders view the independent country of Georgia while
turning a blind eye to their own problems.

The son of the assassinated leader Akhmad Kadyrov who was killed in a
bomb attack in May, Ramzan Kadyrov has excelled in creating his own
security force that both Moscow and Chechen rebels struggle to
control. Thus his threat against Georgia is more than just posturing
and all the more disturbing. On Saturday Kadyrov was reminded of the
unrest in his own land when Grozny became the scene of a massive gun
fight that left over 30 people dead, including as many as 20 police.

While hotspots like Karabakh, Abkhazia and even South Ossetia remain
so-called frozen conflicts, Chechnya remains a bleeding wound for
Russia. However, it appears like Kadyrov, who was snubbed as a
possible successor to his father, still wants to prove his loyalty to
Moscow and join with other pro-Russian groups like the Cossacks that
have entered Georgian territory. The arrival of Chechen forces would
not be the first for Georgia.

In the early 1990’s, Georgian, Russian and Abkhazian interests all
collided with Georgia holding the losing hand. It was there that
Russia played Chechen card for the first time. It equipped Chechen
warriors, trained them, organized them and sent them to fight against
Georgia. The results of the war are clear: under the weight of
Russian-backed militias, Georgia lost Abkhazia.

But the event backfired on Russia threefold. First it equipped North
Caucasus people and particularly Chechens with enormous amounts of
arms and ammunition. Though initially targeted against Georgia,
Chechens later turned their weapons on Russia. Second, it created a
myth about the undefeated victorious Chechen warriors who were able
to defeat any army. And the third, it created the precedent of a
separatist state in a former Soviet Union country.

Today Russia wants to direct its Chechen card against Georgia once
again. As Speaker of Parliament Nino Burjanadze said, she is sure
that the Chechen people have enough common sense not to get involved
in such an adventure. However, some ultra-patriotic leaders of Russia
such as Zhirinovsky are seriously considering this intervention.

The precedent of unauthorized troops in the region has been set by
armed Cossacks and more can be expected under the current struggle
for control. According to Georgian intelligence, there are different
types of mercenaries and terrorists fighting for the separatist side.
The first group represents followers of Zhirinovsly’s Russian
chauvinism who are paid as much as USD 1,000 a month and an
additional USD 100 a day during combat. Georgian intelligence
officers describe them as mainly amateurs and non-professionals.

Another more dangerous group is made up of adventurers led by the
paramilitary leader identified in the Georgian crime journal Kronika
as Timoshenko. At the moment they are creating the most problems for
separatist regime because they are poorly organized, undisciplined
and inexperienced in fighting. In addition, they are demanding
payment from the Kokoiti administration.

As Kronika reports, trained professionals from the ranks of the
Russian army units that participated in either Chechnya or earlier in
Afghanistan are receiving USD 2,000 a month and USD 200 a day during
combat. The best-trained mercenaries and Cossacks are paid USD 5,000
a month each. These special forces units – experienced, well-prepared
and trained under Russian commando instructors – create the bulk of
the separatist armed forces.

At the moment Kokoiti hardly controls these people because he is
short of cash and therefore these paramilitaries, particularly the
Timoshenko group, are suspected of involvement in robberies,
including a massive cattle theft reported on Monday. Of course
officials of the Russian Federation do not confirm the presence of
Russian citizens in the territory of conflict zone. The fact is they
are there and they create an enormous threat to the current peace
that was only achieved with great difficulty.

Since Russia continues its solitary control of the Roki Tunnel, the
only connection between the Russian Federation and Georgia in the
Tskhinvali region, it is surely aware of paramilitary groups
infiltrating Georgian territory. Just as Russia once called Chechens
in the Pankisi Gorge terrorists, these paramilitaries in South
Ossetia are also terrorists. Under the circumstances, the addition of
Chechen groups to the conflict zone would only exacerbate tensions,
and Kadyrov’s threat thus represents another incident of
Russian-backed aggression against Georgia.

Le president azerbaidjanais a Berlin…

Deutsche Welle
25 Aout 2004

Le président azerbaidjanais à Berlin…

– A l’issue d’un entretien avec le président azerbaïdjanais Ilham
Aliev à Berlin, le chancelier allemand Gerhard Schroeder a salué les
réformes réalisées en Azerbaïdjan. Le chancelier a salué les efforts
du pays pour améliorer la sécurité juridique et l’Etat de droit.
Gerhard Schroeder a appelé les investisseurs allemands à “renoncer à
leur réserve” dans la région. L’Allemagne soutient par ailleurs une
solution politique de la crise dans l’enclave du Nagorny Karabakh et
entend poursuivre ses efforts en ce sens au sein de l’OSCE,
l’Organisation pour la coopération et la sécurité en Europe …Le
président azerbaïdjanais effectue à Berlin sa première visite depuis
son élection contestée en octobre dernier…

Denver Post, August 25, 2004: Vandeweghe adds assistant (Kalamian)

*Vandeweghe adds assistant*
*By Adam Thompson
Denver Post Staff Writer*

*Wednesday, August 25, 2004* –

General manager Kiki Vandeweghe has tapped an old acquaintance, Rex
Kalamian, to round out the Nuggets’ coaching staff.

Kalamian, who spent 2003-04 with the Philadelphia 76ers after six years
with the Los Angeles Clippers as an assistant coach, first met
Vandeweghe at Pete Newell’s big man camp more than a decade ago.

Asked why he chose Kalamian, Vandeweghe said, “I think it’s just
basketball knowledge. He started out as a video guy. He’s got the same
kind of background (head coach) Jeff (Bzdelik) does. He’s great at
looking at what other teams do.”

Kalamian joins Michael Cooper as a new member of Bzdelik’s staff. The
two replace John MacLeod and T.R. Dunn.

From: Emil Lazarian | Ararat NewsPress

Revenues of NKR State Budget Increase by 46.8% in H1/04

IN FIRST HALF OF 2004 REVENUES OF NKR STATE BUDGET INCREASE BY 46.8%
IN COMPARISON WITH SAME PERIOD OF LAST YEAR

STEPANAKERT, August 25 (Noyan Tapan). In the first half of this year
the revenues of the NKR state budget made 7892.3 mln drams, which
exceeds by 46.8% the index of same period of last year. Current
incomes made 83.8%, and incomes received from capital transactions
made 16.2%, in comparison with the same period of last year their
growth made 78.6% and 2.8-fold, respectively. Revenues to the state
budget on the line of profit tax made 211.2 mln drams, or increased by
over 17% in comparison with the same period of 2003. Revenues on the
line of income tax made 255.7 mln drams, or 14.4% of tax revenues of
the budget. In the first half of 2004, the expenditures of the state
budget made 5,839 mln drams, which increased by 27.4% as compared with
the same index of last year. Revenues of the communal budgets and
transfers made 343.7 mln drams, which increased by 31.8% in comparison
with the first half of 2003. According to the NKR National Statistical
Service, in the first half of 2004 the total revenues of the NKR state
pension fund made about 1997.5 mln drams, which is more by 37.4% in
comparison with the same period of last year.

Les plus heureux ne sont pas ceux qu’on croit

Le Monde, France
mercredi 25 Août 2004

Les plus heureux ne sont pas ceux qu’on croit

La Suède est le meilleur pays du monde mais on est plus heureux au
Nigeria. Telles sont les conclusions de deux études menées
indépendamment et dont les résultats croisés sont pour le moins
surprenants.

La première enquête a été réalisée durant l’été par l’hebdomadaire
américain Newsweek qui titrait en couverture : “The best countries in
the world” (les meilleurs pays du monde). Selon des critères de
satisfaction tels que la prospérité, la démocratie, la compétitivité
économique, la coopération sociale, la conscience écologique ou
encore l’honnêteté, la palme revient indéniablement aux pays
nordiques européens. Mais d’autres critères ont également été pris en
compte – l’Etat, la vie sociale, les affaires, la science, les arts –
et les pays ont été classés selon l’élément qui leur est le plus
favorable. Ainsi le meilleur pays quand on est jeune serait la
Turquie, du fait des structures des grandes villes, de la moyenne
d’ge de la population (25 ans) et du mode de vie, tandis que le
meilleur pour exprimer sa fibre artistique serait l’Allemagne. Et
sans surprise, pour s’enrichir, il faut vivre aux Etats-Unis.

Si l’on est déprimé, il faut être Argentin, car cette population
compte la plus grande concentration de psychothérapeutes par
habitant. Ainsi, rien qu’à Buenos Aires, ils sont 15 000. En France,
il vaut mieux être musicien puisque les infrastructures permettent de
lancer une carrière plus rapidement qu’ailleurs selon l’hebdomadaire,
qui fait remarquer qu’en juillet, les albums du top 10 des meilleurs
ventes nationales étaient tous français. En conclusion, tous critères
confondus, le meilleur pays du monde est la Suède, suivie des
Etats-Unis et de la Norvège. La France est classée 7e.

Par ailleurs, le World Values Survey, une série d’études
interuniversitaires menée par un réseau international de sociologues,
a évalué “les pays où les habitants sont le plus heureux”. Cette
étude a été menée par entretien avec des personnes issues d’un
échantillon représentatif de la population de plus de 60 pays, entre
1999 et 2001. L’objet ici n’est pas la satisfaction mais bien l’état
de bonheur ou de joie (“happiness” en anglais, la langue d’étude),
évalué selon neuf critères :

– la tendance génétique à se sentir heureux,

– le mariage,

– le grand nombre d’amis,

– la limitation des attentes, des désirs ou des prétentions,

– faire du bien,

– la croyance,

– ne pas se comparer aux autres,

– mieux gagner sa vie,

– vieillir bien.

Les résultats, publiés par la prestigieuse revue scientifique
britannique New Scientist en juillet, montrent que les gens les plus
heureux n’habitent pas le meilleur pays du monde mais sont plutôt
dans l’hémisphère Sud. En tête, le Nigeria, suivi du Mexique, du
Venezuela, du Salvador et de Puerto Rico. Les moins heureux seraient
les Russes, les Arméniens et les Roumains. Les Etats-Unis sont
classés 16es et la Grande-Bretagne, 24e.

Cette conclusion ne fait malheureusement pas du Nigeria le nouvel
Eden, car ce pays reste l’un des plus pauvres de la planète. Mais
elle montre clairement qu’il n’y a pas de lien direct entre richesse
et bonheur puisque, selon cette même étude, la moyenne des personnes
se déclarant heureuses dans les pays industrialisés n’a pas évolué
depuis la seconde guerre mondiale, malgré une importante augmentation
des revenus. Ce qui a conduit les chercheurs à conclure que le désir
de biens matériels est un facteur inhibant du bonheur (“happiness
supressant”).

Les études du World Values Survey sont réalisées tous les quatre ans
et sont de plus en plus prises en compte par les gouvernements dans
leur politique intérieure. Les autorités britanniques ont même publié
en décembre des recommandations visant à augmenter le bonheur des
citoyens alors que le Bhoutan a déjà fait savoir que son “bonheur
intérieur brut” importait plus que son produit intérieur brut.
L’objectif ultime serait, bien sûr, que les gens les plus heureux
habitent le meilleur pays du monde…

Jean Fiawoumo

Baltimore, USA – Police Find Body In Burned Car In Owings Mills

Police: Man’s Burning In Car Possibly Accidental
Authorities Identify Victim
Greg Ng, Staff Writer

POSTED: 6:28 pm EDT August 25, 2004

Baltimore County police have identified the man whose body was found
in a burning car Sunday.

The burned body of Vadim S. Movsesyan, 22, was found in Owings Mills
Sunday.

The chief medical examiner’s office has not yet ruled on the cause and
manner of death, but police said they believe it was accidental.

————————

Police Find Body In Burned Car In Owings Mills Remains Burned Beyond
Recognition

POSTED: 6:37 am EDT August 23, 2004

OWINGS MILLS, Md. — Baltimore County police are investigating what
they are calling a suspicious death in Owings Mills.

Rescue crews responded to a car fire yesterday afternoon in a wooded
area in the 11000 block of Reisterstown Road. Human remains were found
inside the car. Police say they were burned beyond recognition.

An autopsy has been ordered. Meanwhile, police are investigating tire
tracks found near the fire scene.

Stay with TheWBALChannel.com and 11 News for the latest news updates.

Role of Armenia and NK to Grow After Karabakh Conflict Settlement

ROLE OF ARMENIA AND KARABAKH TO GROW AFTER KARABAKH CONFLICT
SETTLEMENT

STEPANAKERT, AUGUST 25. ARMINFO. The Karabakh conflict appears to be
the most complicated conflict in the post-Soviet area, says
international law expert David Babayan.

Any conflict is based on a dilemma of geo-political and ideological
motives. If one of the conflicting parties prevails in both
components the conflict can be settled quickly otherwise it drags on.

The peculiarity of the Karabakh conflict is that the conflicting
parties have absolutely different geo-political components. Azerbaijan
has a big geo-political advantage over Karabakh – it is a bridge
between Iran, Russia and Central Asia, it has oil and gas. As a
counterbalance Karabakh has ideological prevalence. First it is more
democratic than Azerbaijan. Elections in Karabakh are fairer and more
transparent which has been confirmed by international experts. One
example is the last local elections – in many communities winners were
independent candidates. In Azerbaijan this is impossible. So the
existence of a democratic state (even if it is not recognized
officially) is good for the whole democratic community.

The second important element of Karabakh ideological prevalence is the
historical peculiarity of the Armenian nation as a whole.

Most of the Armenians live outside their historical homelands (Armenia
and Karabakh). So being scarce – some 10 mln – they at the same time
constitute a multi-civilization nation. It is good for one to have
such an ally especially as most of the countries treat their local
Armenians as their own people.

So the Armenians appear to be a unique ideological element not only in
the South Caucasus but everywhere in the world. So the complementarity
policy appears to be quite a natural choice for Armenia. With Russia
Armenia enjoys centuries-old friendship, in the US it has a
multi-million diaspora. The US is building in Armenia its biggest
embassy in the world which shows that this country is valuable for the
West. Armenia has good terms with Iran, many Armenians live in Central
Asia and Middle East. None of the South Caucasian states have such a
vast ideological potential as Armenia does. Despite its complexity the
Karabakh conflict can be resolved – as soon as it is the role of
Karabakh and Armenia will grow.